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[Nanotechnology: Will it save us; enslave us; or, encapsulate us? --Bike Bob]
“Nanotechnology and Ethical Concerns” - (10-minute YouTube audio/video) - Produced and written in 2008 by Jennifer Pitts and narrated by James Pitts, this well-done video presents the pros & cons of exactly what Nanotechnology is and what its use in the production of various products and future developments may entail. - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=u4UYqZf2xpI
The Dangers of Nanotech - (Jan. 13, 2011) - (10-min./audio) - In the growing field of nanotechnology, engineers are creating countless new microscopic materials. They're used in thousands of consumer goods, from cell phones to cosmetics & sunscreen. But how safe are they? Andrew Maynard is a physicist & director of the Risk Science Center at the University of Michigan. We talked to him about the potential dangers of nanotech. - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/tech/maynard-nanotech-au.html
PBS NOVA - Making Stuff: Smaller - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/tech/making-stuff-smaller.html - (53-minute video) - (Jan. 26, 2011) - ‘How small can we go? Could we one day have robots taking "fantastic voyages" in our bodies to kill rogue cells? The triumphs of tiny are seen all around us in the Information Age: transistors, microchips, laptops, cell phones. Now, David Pogue takes NOVA viewers to an even smaller world in "Making Stuff: Smaller," examining the latest in high-powered nano-circuits and micro-robots that may one day hold the key to saving lives.’
Also highly recommended is National Public Radio's weekly 2-hour
"Science Friday" - http://sciencefriday.com
And, do be sure to spend some regular quality time at Wired
Magazine's web site - http://www.wired.com
'Major discovery' from MIT primed to unleash solar revolution - Scientists mimic essence of plants' energy storage system - (MIT News - July 31, 2008) - http://web.mit.edu/newsoffice/2008/oxygen-0731.html
'Tall Order' Sunlight-to-Hydrogen System Works, Neutron Analysis Confirms - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 3, 2011) - Researchers at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory have developed a biohybrid photoconversion system -- based on the interaction of photosynthetic plant proteins with synthetic polymers -- that can convert visible light into hydrogen fuel. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110203152544.htm
New Nanomaterials Unlock New Electronic and Energy Technologies - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 3, 2011) - A new way of splitting layered materials to give atom thin "nanosheets" has been discovered. This has led to a range of novel two-dimensional nanomaterials with chemical and electronic properties that have the potential to enable new electronic and energy storage technologies. The collaborative international research led by the Centre for Research on Adaptive Nanostructures and Nanodevices (CRANN), Trinity College Dublin, Ireland, and the University of Oxford has been published in the journal Science. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110203141818.htm
Computer Creativity Machine simulates the human brain - The machine that invents - http://mcaf.ee/9a7df -
article was written by Tina Hesman and appeared in the Sunday, January
25, 2004, edition of the St. Louis Post-Dispatch.)
by Budd Hopkins and coauthor Carol Rainey
(Shows how fascinating discoveries in modern science
support the plausibility of the UFO phenomenon.)
New solar fuel machine 'mimics plant life'
(Dec. 23, 2010) - The machine uses the Sun's rays and a metal oxide called ceria
to break down carbon dioxide or
water into fuels which can be stored and transported.
Conventional photovoltaic panels must use the electricity they generate in situ, and cannot deliver power at night.
Details are published in the journal Science.
The prototype, which was devised by researchers in the US and Switzerland,
uses a quartz window and cavity to
concentrate sunlight into a cylinder lined with cerium oxide, also known as
Ceria has a natural propensity to exhale oxygen as it heats up and inhale it as it cools down.
If as in the prototype, carbon dioxide and/or water are pumped into the vessel,
the ceria will rapidly strip the
oxygen from them as it cools, creating hydrogen and/or carbon monoxide.
Hydrogen produced could be used to fuel hydrogen fuel cells in cars, for example,
while a combination of hydrogen and
carbon monoxide can be used to create "syngas" for fuel.
It is this harnessing of ceria's properties in the solar reactor which represents the major breakthrough,
say the inventors of the device. They also say the metal is readily available, being the most abundant of the "rare-earth" metals
Sex and space travel don't mix - http://mcaf.ee/dab96 - (January 13, 2011 - New Scientist) - “PREGNANT women and their fetuses are not severely affected by air travel - but the same may not be true for space travel.”
Study: Conservatives have larger ‘fear center’ in brain
(Dec. 28, 2010)
‘Political opinions are considered choices,
and in Western democracies the right to choose one's opinions
-- freedom of conscience --
But recent studies suggest that our brains and genes
may be a major determining factor in the views we hold.
A study at University College London in the UK has found that
conservatives' brains have larger amygdalas than the brains of liberals.
Amygdalas are responsible for fear and other "primitive" emotions.
At the same time, conservatives' brains were also found to have a smaller anterior cingulate --
the part of the brain
responsible for courage and optimism.
If the study is confirmed,
it could give us the first medical explanation for why
conservatives tend to be more receptive to threats of terrorism, for example, than liberals.
And it may help to explain why conservatives like to plan based on the worst-case scenario,while liberals tend towards rosier outlooks.’
How the size of our brain means we all view the world in a different way
(December 8, 2010) - (Daily Mail)
“The way we view the world depends on the
size of one small part of our brain, according to a new study,
The primary visual cortex - the area at the back responsible for processing what we view around us -
is known to vary in size by up to three
times from one individual to the next.
This affects the way we see the world, meaning we all see the world differently researchers say.”
Tiny Silicon Chip Uses Quantum Physics to Slow Light Down - http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/01/slow-light-chip/ - (January 14, 2011) - “Scientists have built an optical device smaller than a dime that slows light down to 155 miles per second, the slowest ever managed on a chip.”
Nanowires Exhibit Giant Piezoelectricity - (ScienceDaily - Jan. 25, 2011) - http://mcaf.ee/63da4
Graphene etching to usher in computing revolution - (March 3, 2011 by Jessica Griggs) - http://mcaf.ee/d965c - Move over sticky tape: a splattering of zinc atoms and a dash of acid is the best way to peel off single layers of graphene, the atom-thin form of carbon that electrons can zip through with incredible efficiency and speed.
This technique is so precise that it might be possible to create electrical circuits using only graphene components, which could allow this exotic material to realise its potential as the basis for ultra-efficient, super-fast computer chips.
Nanotech: Tuning Graphene Film So It Sheds Water - ScienceDaily (Feb. 1, 2011) -- Windshields that shed water so effectively that they don't need wipers. Ship hulls so slippery that they glide through the water more efficiently than ordinary hulls. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110201155628.htm
[Excerpt taken from a “White Paper” article by Zack Stern
on p.p. 54-55 of the Feb. 2011 issue
of Maximum PC magazine ( www.maximumpc.com )]:
A recently isolated material
could advance displays, batteries,
solar cells, and computers beyond silicon
In its sheet form, it’s the first two-dimensional, crystalline substance
that’s ever been isolated, it can be rolled into tubes
-- carbon nanotubes --
that behave as a single-dimension material,
and can even be made into a zero-dimensional ball.
These multidimensional properties allow for new research
and experiments down to a quantum physics level.
…. …the virtually clear substance;
about 98 percent of light passed through the layer. ….
…. Two hundred times stronger than steel,
it’s possibly the lightest, strongest material ever discovered,
suitable for airplane parts an other
high-pressure, low-weights applications.
It conducts electricity with an extremely low resistance
-- faster than silicon --
making it suitable for many electronic applications.
These traits, combined with graphene’s transparency,
could also make the material a key component
in building more functional lightweight OLED
[Organic Light-Emitting Diodes],
And with its large surface-to-volume ratio,
graphene in powder form could even improve batteries.
…graphene could be built into tiny transistors
that can move single electrons around
with electromagnetic forces. ….
Theoretically, these transistors would be smaller,
consume less power, and yield much higher speeds than current silicon. ….
…you can expect to see the first commercial uses of graphene
in the next two to
More ambitious usage will, of course, take decades to develop.
This said, some companies, such as Samsung,
are already testing 30-inch graphene-based display prototypes.
Graphene Put To Use…
In The Near Future:
“A Day Made of Glass... Made possible by Corning.”
(5-1/2 min. - YouTube video)
Bacterial Biofilms Beat Teflon in Repelling Liquids - Slimy mats of bacteria called biofilms may be the most liquid-repellent materials in nature, researchers have discovered.
“There are a few man-made materials that can perform better, and they have to be made in clean rooms. They’re incredibly expensive and brittle,” said materials scientist Alexander Epstein of Harvard University, co-author of the new study. “Making biofilm is as easy as growing bacteria.”
The goo secreted by study published Jan. 18 in . - http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/01/bacterial-biofilms-teflon/ bacteria not only deflects water like a lotus leaf, but also repels concentrated alcohol, acetone and even vaporized liquid, according to a
Invisibility cloaking benefits from crystal-clear idea - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-12338447
The Antigravity Underground
The fantastic floating device called a lifter has no moving parts,
no onboard fuel, and no shortage of wide-eyed admirers.
(CNN) -- ‘What ground-breaking new technology is kept so secret by the authorities
that even to comment on its existence would be to reveal too much?’
‘ “GRASP,” or Gravity Research for Advanced Space Propulsion,
was only recently reported in Jane’s Defence Weekly,
but the U.S. military may have had the technology for years.
The National Institute for Discovery Science (NIDS), based in Nevada,
say that mysterious U.S. military craft using this kind of technology have been skirting the skies since the 1980s.
And NIDS is now calling for the military to unveil its secrets for commercial benefit.’
New Nanoparticles Make Blood Clots Visible
(ScienceDaily - Feb. 2, 2011)
For almost two decades, cardiologists have searched for ways
to see dangerous blood clots before they cause heart attacks.
Now, researchers at Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis
report that they have designed nanoparticles
that find clots and make them visible to a new kind of X-ray technology.
‘Cornell Dots’ That Light Up Cancer Cells Go Into Clinical Trials - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 5, 2011) - "Cornell Dots" -- brightly glowing nanoparticles -- may soon be used to light up cancer cells to aid in diagnosing and treating cancer. The U.S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has approved the first clinical trial in humans of the new technology. It is the first time the FDA has approved using an inorganic material in the same fashion as a drug in humans. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110205162831.htm
Engineers Grow Nanolasers on Silicon,
Pave Way for on-Chip Photonics
(ScienceDaily - Feb. 7, 2011)
Engineers at the University of California, Berkeley,
have found a way to grow nanolasers directly onto a silicon surface,
an achievement that could lead to a new class of faster, more efficient microprocessors,
as well as to powerful biochemical sensors that use optoelectronic chips.
They describe their work in a paper to be published Feb. 6
in an advanced online issue of the journal Nature Photonics.
"Our results impact a broad spectrum of scientific fields,
including materials science, transistor technology, laser science, optoelectronics and optical physics,"
said the study's principal investigator, Connie Chang-Hasnain,
UC Berkeley professor of electrical engineering and computer sciences.
Successful Operation of Carbon Nanotube-Based Integrated Circuits Manufactured on Plastic Substrates - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 8, 2011) - As part of NEDO's Industrial Technology Research Grant Japan-Finland collaborative project, Professors Yutaka Ohno from Nagoya University in Japan and Esko I. Kauppinen from Aalto University in Finland along with their colleagues have developed a simple and fast process to manufacture high-quality carbon nanotube-based thin film transistors (TFT) on a plastic substrate.
They used this technology to manufacture the world's first sequential logic circuits using carbon nanotubes. The technology could lead to the development of high-speed, roll-to-roll manufacturing processes to manufacture low-cost flexible devices such as electronic paper in the future.
The results were published on Feb. 6, 2011 in the online edition of the journal Nature Nanotechnology. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110208091557.htm
Robots to get their own internet - (Feb. 9, 2011 - BBC News) - Robots could soon have an equivalent of the internet and Wikipedia. - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/technology-12400647
Nanonets Give Rust a Boost as Agent in Water Splitting's Hydrogen Harvest - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 10, 2011) - Coating a lattice of tiny wires called Nanonets with iron oxide (rust) creates an economical and efficient platform for the process of water splitting -- an emerging clean fuel method that harvests hydrogen from water, Boston College researchers report in the online edition of the Journal of the American Chemical Society.
Assistant Professor of Chemistry Dunwei Wang and his clean energy lab pioneered the development of Nanonets in 2008 and have since shown them to be a viable new platform for a number of energy applications by virtue of the increased surface area and improved conductivity of the nano-scale netting made from titanium disilicide, a readily available semiconductor. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110209164007.htm
Microsponges from Seaweed May Save Lives - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 9, 2011) - Microsponges derived from seaweed may help diagnose heart disease, cancers, HIV and other diseases quickly and at far lower cost than current clinical methods. The microsponges are an essential component of Rice University's Programmable Bio-Nano-Chip (PBNC) and the focus of a new paper in the journal Small. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110209154613.htm
Greener Process for Key Ingredient for Everything from Paint to Diapers
(ScienceDaily - Feb. 9, 2011)
Scientists are reporting discovery of an environmentally friendly way
to make a key industrial material
-- used in
products ranging from paints to diapers --
from a renewable raw material without touching the traditional pricey
and increasingly scarce petroleum-based starting material.
Their report on a new catalyst for making acrylic acid appears in ACS
These "programmable logic tiles" may represent the building blocks of a new generation of ever-smaller computers.
Instead of etching chips down from chunks of material, the nanoprocessors can be built up from minuscule parts.
The work, reported in Nature,
may outpace the shrinking of chips made with current manufacturing techniques.
Coiled Nanowires May Hold Key to Stretchable Electronics - (ScienceDaily - Jan. 12, 2011) - Researchers at North Carolina State University have created the first coils of silicon nanowire on a substrate that can be stretched to more than double their original length, moving us closer to incorporating stretchable electronic devices into clothing, implantable health-monitoring devices, and a host of other applications. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110111141343.htm
'Nanoscoops' Could Spark New Generation of Electric Automobile Batteries - (ScienceDaily - Jan. 5, 2011) — An entirely new type of nanomaterial developed at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute could enable the next generation of high-power rechargeable lithium (Li)-ion batteries for electric automobiles, as well as batteries for laptop computers, mobile phones, and other portable devices. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110104101328.htm
Nanotech Medicine to Rebuild Damaged Parts of Human Body - (ScienceDaily - Jan. 19, 2011) — To rebuild damaged parts of a human body from scratch is a dream that has long fired human imagination, from Mary Shelley's Doctor Frankenstein to modern day surgeons. Now, a team of European scientists, working in the frame of the EUREKA project ModPolEUV, has made a promising contribution to reconstructive surgery, thanks to an original multidisciplinary approach matching cutting-edge medicine to the latest developments in nanotechnology. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110118092140.htm
New Solar Cell Self-Repairs Like Natural Plant Systems - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 10, 2011) — Researchers are creating a new type of solar cell designed to self-repair like natural photosynthetic systems in plants by using carbon nanotubes and DNA, an approach aimed at increasing service life and reducing cost. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/01/110104133909.htm
Self-Assembling Structures Open Door to New Class of Materials - (ScienceDaily - Jan. 15, 2011) — Researchers at the University of Illinois and Northwestern University have demonstrated bio-inspired structures that self-assemble from simple building blocks: spheres.
The helical "supermolecules" are made of tiny colloid balls instead of atoms or molecules. Similar methods could be used to make new materials with the functionality of complex colloidal molecules. The team publishes its findings in the Jan. 14 issue of the journal Science.
"We can now make a whole new class of smart materials, which opens the door to new functionality that we couldn't imagine before," said Steve Granick, Founder Professor of Engineering at the University of Illinois and a professor of materials science and engineering, chemistry, and physics. - http://mcaf.ee/24657
Light through a blocked hole? Plasmonics is the answer - (NewScientist - Feb. 11 2011) - How would you react if a tiny hole in a piece of foil let through more light after you had covered it – or painted the foil a different colour?
With surprise, probably, like the physicists who discovered that this is just what happens with some very small holes. Both findings could lead to light-based transistors and other components for high-speed optical computers. - http://mcaf.ee/b9318
Biomedical Imaging: Ultrasound Guide Star and Time-Reversal Mirror Can Focus Light Deep Under the Skin - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 11, 2011) - Astronomers have a neat trick they sometimes use to compensate for the turbulence of the atmosphere that blurs images made by ground-based telescopes. They create an artificial star called a guide star and use its twinkling to compensate for the atmospheric turbulence.
Lihong Wang, PhD, the Gene K. Beare Distinguished Professor of Biomedical Engineering at Washington University in St. Louis, has invented a guide star for biomedical rather than celestial imaging, a breakthrough that promises game-changing improvements in biomedical imaging and light therapy. - http://mcaf.ee/86ced
Nanoparticles May Enhance Circulating Tumor Cell Detection - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 12, 2011) - Tiny gold particles can help doctors detect tumor cells circulating in the blood of patients with head and neck cancer, researchers at Emory and Georgia Tech have found.
The detection of circulating tumor cells (CTCs) is an emerging technique that can allow oncologists to monitor patients with cancer for metastasis or to evaluate the progress of their treatment. The gold particles, which are embedded with dyes allowing their detection by laser spectroscopy, could enhance this technique's specificity by reducing the number of false positives.
The results are published online in the journal Cancer Research. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110211153925.htm
Bacteria thrive amid carbon nanotubes, study finds
(CBC News - March 26, 2007)
A super-strong nanomaterial with potential industrial and medical applications
inhibits growth in mammalian cells while sustaining the growth of bacteria, according to two studies.
Researchers at Rensselaer Polytechnic Institute in Troy, N.Y.,
also found the size, type and concentration of carbon nanotubes
changed their interaction with living cells.
The authors suggest the seemingly contradictory results
suggest the environmental and health impacts of the nanomaterial
are more complex than first thought and demand further study.
The first study, published in the journal Toxicology Letters,
found that the material inhibited the growth of heart muscles in rats.
The effect was seen with large clusters of nanotubes
and even more so when the nanotubes were finely dispersed.
The second study found the material had an opposite effect on bacteria,
actually sustaining growth of samples of Escherichia coli (E. coli).
Both studies were presented Sunday
at the 233rd American Chemical Society (ACS) National Meeting in Chicago.
New Nanotechnology Products Hitting The Market At The Rate Of 3-4 Per Week - (ScienceDaily - Apr. 25, 2008) - New nanotechnology consumer products are coming on the market at the rate of 3-4 per week, a finding based on the latest update to the nanotechnology consumer product inventory maintained by the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies (PEN). - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/04/080424102505.htm
Toward A New Generation Of Paper-Thin Loudspeakers - (ScienceDaily - Nov. 20, 2008) - In research that may redefine ear buds, earphones, stereo loudspeakers, and other devices for producing sound, researchers in China are reporting development of flexible loudspeakers thinner than paper that might be inserted into the ears with an index finger or attached to clothing, walls, or windows. Their report on what may be the world's thinnest loudspeakers, made from transparent carbon nanotube films, is scheduled for the December 10 issue of Nano Letters. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2008/11/081117095032.htm
Invention: Self-replicating materials
(NewScientist - Nov. 3, 2008)
…a new patent application,
is based on the fact that sequences of DNA
can be designed to recognise and bond with each other.
By carefully designing these sequences, it is possible to build structures from them….
…these techniques can be used to build with micrometre-sized particles of plastic, glass or metal,
by coating them with DNA. Using the right sequences, they can induce such particles to assemble themselves into complex objects.
These assemblies can in turn self-replicate by corralling other DNA-tagged particles into more versions of the same thing. ….
The ability to create new materials in this way
could provide new routes to building regular structures like those used in microelectronics.
Or it could produce entirely
new materials, such as photonic crystals
that control the movement of light through them in a way akin to how electricity flows through a semiconductor.
Magnetic Mind Control - (NOVA ScienceNOW - 2-2-11 - video) - Using magnetic wands, researchers can control the brain functions of human subjects and treat depression. - (11 min. video) - http://www.pbs.org/wgbh/nova/body/mind-control-TMS.html
Scientists Develop Control System to Allow Spacecraft to Think for Themselves - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 15, 2011) - The world's first control system that will allow engineers to programme satellites and spacecraft to think for themselves has been developed by scientists from the University of Southampton.
Professor Sandor Veres and his team of engineers have developed an artificially intelligent control system called 'sysbrain'. - http://mcaf.ee/c43e9
'Star Trek' scanner that can
measure damage to your body from smoking and junk food - (2-16-11 - DailyMail/UK) - http://mcaf.ee/c8654 -
In Star Trek, Dr McCoy was able to diagnose patients in an instant using his trusty ‘tricorder’.
Now a real-life equivalent has been developed, giving medics the ability to tell within seconds just how healthy – or unhealthy – you are.
The handheld device, the size of a computer mouse, gauges the damage that bad habits such as smoking or a fondness for junk food are having on the body.
Depleted Uranium Released During Canadian Plane Crash - Little-Known Use of DU in Commercial Jets Exposed - (American Free Press 2004 - By Christopher Bollyn) - http://www.americanfreepress.net/html/depleted_uranium.html
Used uranium worth billions
Paducah facility has stored treasure
(By James R. Carroll - April 6, 2008 - The Louisville Courier-Journal)
WASHINGTON -- About 40,000 canisters of depleted uranium
are spread out in rows at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant.
An additional 20,000 are stored at a sister facility in Piketon, Ohio.
For years, the canisters and their contents
have been considered worthless waste.
With worldwide uranium supplies tight and prices soaring,
those canisters in Kentucky and Ohio
are getting a new look as a potential moneymaker
for the federal government. -http://www.courier-journal.com/apps/pbcs.dll/article?AID=/20080406/NEWS01/804060477/1008
Human hair linked to dinosaur claws
(By Jennifer Viegas - Nov. 11, 2008 - Discovery Channel)
Origins of hair go back 310 million years to common ancestor
Lizards are not hairy, but their claws contain proteins nearly identical to those found in the human hair shafts, fingernails and toenails.
'No Sun link' to climate change
A new scientific study concludes that
changes in the Sun's output
cannot be causing modern-day climate change.
It shows that for the last 20 years,
the Sun's output has declined,
yet temperatures on Earth have risen.
It also shows that modern temperatures
are not determined by
the Sun's effect on cosmic rays,
as has been claimed.
There is a real-life,
“robot war” system
already in place
that utilizes satellite telemetry/sensing.
It’s code-named “Milstar.”
Essentially what “Milstar” has done
is take the “auto-pilot” control of nuclear launch capability
the hands of “fallible”, “slow-to-act/respond” real live humans!
The Milstar system employs those DSP (Deep Space Platform) satellites,
and both hard-to-track mobile and below-ground
“hardened” nuclear strike/response facilities,
and ties them all together
under this now-fully-automated/functioning system.
Of course, nothing could ever go “wrong”
with a no-human-intervention system
like that, now could it!?!
For more info
you can find the real facts
on the now-operative
Milstar system in this book:
Blank Check: The Pentagon’s Black Budget
written by Pulitzer Prize-winning reporter
(of the “Philadelphia Enquirer”) Tim Weiner.
The 1990 book (ISBN 0-446-51452-7)
was published by Warner Book, Inc.,
666 Fifth Ave., New York, NY 10103.
[From the book’s back cover]:
“Tim Weiner...uncovers the Pentagon’s big secret: $100 million a day to spend any way it sees fit, whether it serves or disserves the American people. He deserves another Pulitzer Prize for this one.” --- Studs Terkel
“Tim Weiner shines his searchlight on dark corners that the Pentagon would like to keep hidden from the American public.” --- David Wise, author of The Spy Who Got Away, and, The Invisible Government
“The Pentagon’s $36 billion black budget is a license to steal. In BLANK CHECK, Pulitzer Prize-winning Tim Weiner tells the entire, shocking story.” --- U.S. Rep. Patricia Schroeder, (D., Colo.), member, House Armed Services Committee
[From the book’s inside flyleaf]:
BLANK CHECK is the story of the Pentagon’s secret budget—the black budget. A remarkable work of investigative reporting, this book presents the first detailed look into the multibillion-dollar cache used to fund every defense program, every espionage mission, every weapon, and every war that the President, the Secretary of Defense and the Director of the CIA want erased from the public ledger and shielded from public debate.
Over the past three years, the black budget has consumed more than $100 billion -- $100 million a day. In blatant defiance of the United States Constitution, this system of secret spending has stripped Congress of its power over the federal budget and robbed taxpayers of their right to know how their money is spent.
'Buckyballs' have high potential to accumulate in living tissue - (September 18, 2008 - PhysOrg) - Research at Purdue University suggests synthetic carbon molecules called fullerenes, or buckyballs, have a high potential of being accumulated in animal tissue, but the molecules also appear to break down in sunlight, perhaps reducing their possible environmental dangers. - http://www.physorg.com/news140974069.html
circuit builds itself
15, 2008 - Nature
Organic molecules organize themselves
to form a bridge between electrodes.
Computer circuits made from organic molecules
could be used to build lightweight, flexible displays.
A team of European physicists
has developed an integrated circuit that can build itself.
The work, appearing in this week's Nature1,
is an important step
towards its ultimate goal —
a self-assembling computer.
Look Ma, No Wires!
Researchers Build Circuits Using Neurons
(By Priya Ganapati - Wired - October 23, 2008)
Researchers at the Weizmann Institute of Science
in Rehovot, Israel
have developed a way to build
using cultured neurons.
Single-pixel Camera Has Multiple Futures
(ScienceDaily - Oct. 14, 2008)
A terahertz version
of the single-pixel camera
developed by Rice University researchers
could lead to breakthrough technologies
in security, telecom, signal processing and medicine.
Connect the Quantum Dots
for a Full-Color Image
could be used
high-resolution, low-energy televisions.
(February 20, 2011 - By Zeeya Merali - Scientific American)
Nanoparticles Increase Survival After Blood Loss, Study Suggests - (ScienceDaily - Feb. 22, 2011) — In an advance that could improve battlefield and trauma care, scientists at Albert Einstein College of Medicine of Yeshiva University have used tiny particles called nanoparticles to improve survival after life-threatening blood loss. Nanoparticles containing nitric oxide (NO) were infused into the bloodstream of hamsters, where they helped maintain blood circulation and protect vital organs. The research was reported in the February 21 online edition of the journal Resuscitation. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110222151346.htm
Stretchable Solar Cells
(ScienceDaily - Feb. 24, 2011)
"Super skin" is what
Stanford researcher Zhenan Bao
wants to create.
She's already developed a flexible sensor
that is so sensitive to pressure
it can feel a fly touch down.
Now she's working to add the ability to detect
chemicals and sense various kinds of biological molecules.
She's also making the skin self-powering,
using polymer solar cells to generate electricity.
And the new solar cells are not just flexible, but stretchable --
they can be stretched up to 30 percent beyond their original length
and snap back without any damage or loss of power.
At just one square millimetre in size, the tiny device is a pressure monitor that is implanted in a person's eye.
It may be small but it packs a hefty punch, containing an ultra low-power microprocessor, a pressure sensor, memory, a thin film battery, a solar cell and a wireless radio with an antenna that can transmit data to an external reader device.
Developed by researchers at the University of Michigan, the unnamed unit - which is expected to be commercially available in several years - is already being touted as the future of the computing industry.
Its creators - Professors Dennis Sylvester, David Blaauw and David Wentzloff - claim that as the device's radio needs no tuning to find the right frequency it could link to a wireless network of computers.
A network of such units could one day track pollution, monitor structural integrity, perform surveillance, or make virtually any object smart and trackable, according to the scientists. - http://mcaf.ee/cedbf
Metallic Molecules to Nanotubes: Ruthenium Complexes Dissolve Nanotubes, Add Functionality - ScienceDaily (Feb. 24, 2011) — A lab at Rice University has stepped forward with an efficient method to disperse nanotubes in a way that preserves their unique properties -- and adds more.
The new technique allows inorganic metal complexes with different functionalities to remain in close contact with single-walled carbon nanotubes while keeping them separated in a solution.
That separation is critical to manufacturers who want to spin fiber from nanotubes, or mix them into composite materials for strength or to take advantage of their electrical properties. For starters, the ability to functionalize the nanotubes at the same time may advance imaging sensors, catalysis and solar-activated hydrogen fuel cells. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110223154425.htm
Etched Quantum Dots
Shape Up as
Single Photon Emitters
(ScienceDaily - Feb. 26, 2011)
Like snowflakes or fingerprints,
no two quantum dots are identical.
But a new etching method
for shaping and positioning
these semiconductor nanocrystals
might change that.
What's more, tests at the
National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST)
confirm that etched quantum dots
emit single particles of light (photons),
boosting prospects for powering new types
of devices for quantum communications.
Simpler Way of Making Proteins Could Lead to New Nanomedicine Agents - ScienceDaily (Feb. 25, 2011) — Researchers have developed a simple method of making short protein chains with spiral structures that can also dissolve in water, two desirable traits not often found together. Such structures could have applications as building blocks for self-assembling nanostructures and as agents for drug and gene delivery.
Led by Jianjun Cheng, a professor of materials science and engineering at the University of Illinois, the research team will publish its findings in the Feb. 22 edition of the journal Nature Communications. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/02/110223092402.htm
Offers Simpler Method
for Assembling Nanowires
(ScienceDaily - Feb. 28, 2011)
Researchers at North Carolina State University
have developed a cheap and easy method
for assembling nanowires,
controlling their alignment and density.
The researchers hope the findings will foster
additional research into a range of
device applications using nanowires,
from nanoelectronics to nanosensors,
especially on unconventional substrates
such as rubber, plastic and paper.
Nanotechnology Used to Prolong Machine and Engine Life - ScienceDaily (Mar. 1, 2011) — Guojun Liu has discovered a way to use nanotechnology to reduce friction in automobile engines and machines. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110301160932.htm
Nanotechnology: New 'Frozen Smoke' May Improve Robotic Surgery, Energy Storage - ScienceDaily (Mar. 1, 2011) — A spongy substance that could be mistaken for packing material has the nanotechnology world buzzing. University of Central Florida Associate Professor Lei Zhai and postdoctoral associate Jianhua Zou have engineered the world's lightest carbon material in such a way that it could be used to detect pollutants and toxic substances, improve robotic surgery techniques and store energy more efficiently.
The new material belongs to the family of the lightest solid, also known by its technical name of aerogel or its common nickname of "frozen smoke."
Zhai's team worked with UCF professors Saiful Khondaker, Sudipta Seal and Quanfang Chen to create multiwalled carbon nanotubes (MWCNT) aerogel. Carbon nanotubes are so small that thousands fit on a single strand of human hair. And using the nanotubes instead of silica (major material in sand), the foundation for traditional aerogel, increases the materials' practical use. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110301111457.htm
MIT Professor Dan Nocera believes he can solve the world’s energy problems with an Olympic-sized pool of water. Nocera and his research team have identified a simple technique for powering the Earth inexpensively – by using the sun to split water and store energy - making the large-scale deployment of personalized solar energy possible. - (21+min. - video) - http://vimeo.com/8194089
New Camera Makes Seeing the 'Invisible' Possible - ScienceDaily (Mar. 5, 2011) — The science similar to the type used in airport body scanners could soon be used to detect everything from defects in aerospace vehicles or concrete bridges to skin cancer, thanks to researchers at Missouri University of Science and Technology. - http://mcaf.ee/f6b30
Fast Laser Could Revolutionize Data Communications - ScienceDaily (Mar. 6, 2011) — Researchers at Chalmers in Sweden have shown that a surface emitting laser -- a cheaper and more energy-efficient type of laser for fiber optics than conventional lasers -- can deliver error-free data at a record speed of 40 Gbit/s. The break-through could lead to faster Internet traffic, computers and mobile phones. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110304091857.htm
New Instrument Keeps an 'Eye' on Nanoparticles - ScienceDaily (Mar. 6, 2011) — Precision measurement in the world of nanoparticles has now become a possibility, thanks to scientists at UC Santa Barbara.
'Nano-Velcro' Technology Used to Improve Capture of Circulating Cancer Cells - ScienceDaily (Mar. 7, 2011) — Circulating tumor cells, which play a crucial role in cancer metastasis, have been known to science for more than 100 years, and researchers have long endeavored to track and capture them. Now, a UCLA research team has developed an innovative device based on Velcro-like nanoscale technology to efficiently identify and "grab" these circulating tumor cells, or CTCs, in the blood. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110307151924.htm
Nanotech-Enabled Consumer Products Continue to Rise - ScienceDaily (Mar. 10, 2011) — Nanotech consumer products continue to grow at a consistent pace. According to the Project on Emerging Nanotechnologies (PEN) over 1,300 manufacturer-identified, nanotechnology-enabled products have entered the commercial marketplace around the world. The most recent update to the group's five-year-old inventory reflects the continuing use of the tiny particles in everything from conventional products like non-stick cookware to more unique items such as self-cleaning window treatments.
"The use of nanotechnology in consumer products continues to grow on a rapid and consistent basis," says PEN Director David Rejeski. "When we launched the inventory in March 2006 it contained 212 products. If the current trend continues, the number of products could reach 3,400 by 2020." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110310101351.htm
New Technology Would Dramatically Extend Battery Life for Mobile Devices - ScienceDaily (Mar. 11, 2011) — Technophiles who have been dreaming of mobile devices that run longer on lighter, slimmer batteries may soon find their wish has been granted.
University of Illinois engineers have developed a form of ultra-low-power digital memory that is faster and uses 100 times less energy than similar available memory. The technology could give future portable devices much longer battery life between charges.
Led by electrical and computer engineering professor Eric Pop, the team will publish its results in an upcoming issue of Science magazine and online in the March 10 Science Express. - http://mcaf.ee/7865c
Trapping a Rainbow: Researchers Slow Broadband Light Waves With Nanoplasmonic Structures - ScienceDaily (Mar. 14, 2011) — A team of electrical engineers and chemists at Lehigh University have experimentally verified the "rainbow" trapping effect, demonstrating that plasmonic structures can slow down light waves over a broad range of wavelengths.
…. The findings hold promise for improved data storage, optical data processing, solar cells, bio sensors and other technologies. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110314152921.htm
Nanorods Could Greatly Improve Visual Display of Information - ScienceDaily (Mar. 14, 2011) — Chemists at the University of California, Riverside have developed tiny, nanoscale-size rods of iron oxide particles in the lab that respond to an external magnetic field in a way that could dramatically improve how visual information is displayed in the future. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110314140630.htm
Breakthrough in Nanocomposite for High-Capacity Hydrogen Storage - ScienceDaily (Mar. 14, 2011) — Since the 1970s, hydrogen has been touted as a promising alternative to fossil fuels due to its clean combustion -- unlike hydrocarbon-based fuels, which spew greenhouse gases and harmful pollutants, hydrogen's only combustion by-product is water. Compared to gasoline, hydrogen is lightweight, can provide a higher energy density and is readily available. But there's a reason we're not already living in a hydrogen economy: to replace gasoline as a fuel, hydrogen must be safely and densely stored, yet easily accessed. Limited by materials unable to leap these conflicting hurdles, hydrogen storage technology has lagged behind other clean energy candidates.
New Desalination Process Developed Using Carbon Nanotubes - ScienceDaily (Mar. 14, 2011) — A faster, better and cheaper desalination process enhanced by carbon nanotubes has been developed by NJIT Professor Somenath Mitra. The process creates a unique new architecture for the membrane distillation process by immobilizing carbon nanotubes in the membrane pores. Conventional approaches to desalination are thermal distillation and reverse osmosis. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110314140632.htm
Mini Disks for Data Storage: Slanted Edges Favor Tiny Magnetic Vortices - ScienceDaily (Mar. 14, 2011) — Slanted exterior edges on tiny magnetic disks could lead to a breakthrough in data processing. "By this, structures are created which were impossible in the past;" explains Jeffrey McCord, a materials researcher at the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf. The doctoral candidate Norbert Martin produced the slanted edges in a lab experiment; thus, creating magnetic vortices with a diameter of only one third of a thousandth of a millimeter. This could help to store larger amounts of data on increasingly smaller surfaces with as little energy as possible. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110314111226.htm
First Permanent Anti-Fog Coating Developed - ScienceDaily (Mar. 16, 2011) — Researchers under the supervision of Université Laval professor Gaétan Laroche have developed the very first permanent anti-fog coating. Dr. Laroche and his colleagues present in the online edition of Applied Materials and Interfaces the details of this innovation which could eliminate, once and for all, the fog on eyeglasses, windshields, goggles, camera lenses, and on any transparent glass or plastic surface. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110316104117.htm
More Efficient Means of Creating, Arranging Carbon Nanofibers Developed - ScienceDaily (Mar. 19, 2011) — Carbon nanofibers hold promise for technologies ranging from medical imaging devices to precise scientific measurement tools, but the time and expense associated with uniformly creating nanofibers of the correct size has been an obstacle -- until now. A new study from North Carolina State University demonstrates an improved method for creating carbon nanofibers of specific sizes, as well as explaining the science behind the method. - http://mcaf.ee/a2ec8
Batteries Charge Quickly and Retain Capacity, Thanks to New Structure - ScienceDaily (Mar. 20, 2011) — The batteries in Illinois professor Paul Braun's lab look like any others, but they pack a surprise inside.
Braun's group developed a three-dimensional nanostructure for battery cathodes that allows for dramatically faster charging and discharging without sacrificing energy storage capacity. The researchers' findings will be published in the March 20 advance online edition of the journal Nature Nanotechnology.
Aside from quick-charge consumer electronics, batteries that can store a lot of energy, release it fast and recharge quickly are desirable for electric vehicles, medical devices, lasers and military applications.
"This system that we have gives you capacitor-like power with battery-like energy," said Braun, a professor of materials science and engineering. "Most capacitors store very little energy. They can release it very fast, but they can't hold much. Most batteries store a reasonably large amount of energy, but they can't provide or receive energy rapidly. This does both." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110320164225.htm
Engineers Make Breakthrough in Ultra-Sensitive Sensor Technology - ScienceDaily (Mar. 21, 2011) — Princeton researchers have invented an extremely sensitive sensor that opens up new ways to detect a wide range of substances, from tell-tale signs of cancer to hidden explosives.
The sensor, which is the most sensitive of its kind to date, relies on a completely new architecture and fabrication technique developed by the Princeton researchers. The device boosts faint signals generated by the scattering of laser light from a material placed on it, allowing the identification of various substances based on the color of light they reflect. The sample could be as small as a single molecule. - http://mcaf.ee/efabd
Cheap Catalyst Made Easy - ScienceDaily (Mar. 22, 2011) — Catalysts made of carbon nanotubes dipped in a polymer solution equal the energy output and otherwise outperform platinum catalysts in fuel cells, a team of Case Western Reserve University engineers has found. - http://mcaf.ee/eb4a0
Templated Growth Technique Produces Graphene Nanoribbons With Metallic Properties - ScienceDaily (Mar. 22, 2011) — A new "templated growth" technique for fabricating nanoribbons of epitaxial graphene has produced structures just 15 to 40 nanometers wide that conduct current with almost no resistance. These structures could address the challenge of connecting graphene devices made with conventional architectures -- and set the stage for a new generation of devices that take advantage of the quantum properties of electrons. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110321161916.htm
Nanomodified Surfaces Seal Leg Implants Against Infection - ScienceDaily (Mar. 22, 2011) — In recent years, researchers have worked to develop more flexible, functional prosthetics for soldiers returning home from battlefields in Afghanistan or Iraq with missing arms or legs. But even new prosthetics have trouble keeping bacteria from entering the body through the space where the device has been implanted. - http://mcaf.ee/0d587
Self-Strengthening Nanocomposite Created - ScienceDaily (Mar. 24, 2011) — Researchers at Rice University have created a synthetic material that gets stronger from repeated stress much like the body strengthens bones and muscles after repeated workouts.
Smaller Particles Could Make Solar Panels More Efficient - ScienceDaily (Mar. 25, 2011) — Studies done by Mark Lusk and colleagues at the Colorado School of Mines could significantly improve the efficiency of solar cells. Their latest work describes how the size of light-absorbing particles--quantum dots--affects the particles' ability to transfer energy to electrons to generate electricity.
The results are published in the April issue of the journal ACS Nano.
The advance provides evidence to support a controversial idea, called multiple-exciton generation (MEG), which theorizes that it is possible for an electron that has absorbed light energy, called an exciton, to transfer that energy to more than one electron, resulting in more electricity from the same amount of absorbed light.
Quantum dots are human-made atoms that confine electrons to a small space. They have atomic-like behavior that results in unusual electronic properties on a nanoscale. These unique properties may be particularly valuable in tailoring the way light interacts with matter. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110325164217.htm
Debut of the First Practical 'Artificial Leaf' - ScienceDaily (Mar. 28, 2011) — Scientists have claimed one of the milestones in the drive for sustainable energy -- development of the first practical artificial leaf. Speaking in Anaheim, California at the 241st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, they described an advanced solar cell the size of a poker card that mimics the process, called photosynthesis, that green plants use to convert sunlight and water into energy.
"A practical artificial leaf has been one of the Holy Grails of science for decades," said [MIT professor] Daniel Nocera, Ph.D., who led the research team. "We believe we have done it. The artificial leaf shows particular promise as an inexpensive source of electricity for homes of the poor in developing countries. Our goal is to make each home its own power station," he said. "One can envision villages in India and Africa not long from now purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology."
The device bears no resemblance to Mother Nature's counterparts on oaks, maples and other green plants, which scientists have used as the model for their efforts to develop this new genre of solar cells. About the shape of a poker card but thinner, the device is fashioned from silicon, electronics and catalysts, substances that accelerate chemical reactions that otherwise would not occur, or would run slowly. Placed in a single gallon of water in a bright sunlight, the device could produce enough electricity to supply a house in a developing country with electricity for a day, Nocera said. It does so by splitting water into its two components, hydrogen and oxygen.
The hydrogen and oxygen gases would be stored in a fuel cell, which uses those two materials to produce electricity, located either on top of the house or beside it. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110327191042.htm
Twinkle, Twinkle, Quantum Dot: New Particles Can Change Colors and Tag Molecules - ScienceDaily (Mar. 28, 2011) — Engineers at Ohio State University have invented a new kind of nano-particle that shines in different colors to tag molecules in biomedical tests. - http://tinyurl.com/4kxsjlw
Smarter Memory Device Holds Key to Greener Gadgets - ScienceDaily (Mar. 28, 2011) — Fast, low-energy memory for MP3s, smartphones and cameras could become a reality thanks to a development by scientists. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110328101319.htm
Major Advance in Understanding How Nanowires Form - ScienceDaily (Mar. 28, 2011) — New insights into why and how nanowires take the form they do promise to have profound implications for the development of future electronic components. PhD student Peter Krogstrup from the Nano-Science Center at the University of Copenhagen is behind the new theoretical model, which is developed in collaboration with researchers from CINAM-CNRS in Marseille. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110328101317.htm
Antibiotics Wrapped in Nanofibers Turn Resistant Disease-Producing Bacteria Into Ghosts - ScienceDaily (Mar. 29, 2011) — Encapsulating antibiotics inside nanofibers, like a mummy inside a sarcophagus, gives them the amazing ability to destroy drug-resistant bacteria so completely that scientists described the remains as mere "ghosts," according to a report presented on March 29 at the the 241st National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS) in Anaheim, California. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110329172236.htm
Next-Generation Chemical Mapping on the Nanoscale - ScienceDaily (Mar. 28, 2011) — A pixel is worth a thousand words? Not exactly how the saying goes, but in this case, it holds true: scientists at Berkeley Lab's Molecular Foundry have pioneered a new chemical mapping method that provides unprecedented insight into materials at the nanoscale. Moving beyond traditional static imaging techniques, which provide a snapshot in time, these new maps will guide researchers in deciphering molecular chemistry and interactions at the nanoscale -- critical for artificial photosynthesis, biofuels production and light-harvesting applications such as solar cells. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110329095739.htm
Heavy Metals Open Path to High Temperature Nanomagnets - ScienceDaily (Mar. 30, 2011) — How would you like to store all the films ever made on a device the size of an I-phone? Magnets made of just a few metallic atoms could make it possible to build radically smaller storage devices and have also recently been proposed as components for spintronics devices. There's just one obstacle. Nano-sized magnets have only been seen to work at temperatures a little above absolute zero.
Now a chemistry student at the University of Copenhagen has demonstrated that molecular magnets using the metals ruthenium and osmium retain their magnetic properties at higher temperatures. Most likely due to the larger spin-orbit coupling and more diffuse electron cloud present in these heavier elements. Some of his findings have recently been published in Chemistry -- A European Journal. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110328101324.htm
Novel Nanowires Boost Fuel Cell Efficiency - ScienceDaily (Mar. 31, 2011) — Fuel cells have been touted as a cleaner solution to tomorrow's energy needs, with potential applications in everything from cars to computers.
But one reason fuel cells aren't already more widespread is their lack of endurance. Over time, the catalysts used even in today's state-of-the-art fuels cells break down, inhibiting the chemical reaction that converts fuel into electricity. In addition, current technology relies on small particles coated with the catalyst; however, the particles' limited surface area means only a fraction of the catalyst is available at any given time.
Now a team of engineers at the Yale School of Engineering & Applied Science has created a new fuel cell catalyst system using nanowires made of a novel material that boosts long-term performance by 2.4 times compared to today's technology. Their findings appear on the cover of the April issue of ACS Nano. - http://mcaf.ee/c7fe3
New Nanomaterial Can Detect and Neutralize Explosives - ScienceDaily (Mar. 31, 2011) — Scientists have described development and successful initial tests of a spray-on material that both detects and renders harmless the genre of terrorist explosives responsible for government restrictions on liquids that can be carried onboard airliners. They reported on the new ink-like explosive detector/neutralizer on March 31 at the 241st National Meeting & Exposition of the American Chemical Society (ACS) in Anaheim, California. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110331191514.htm
Nanoparticles Offer Hope for Common Skin Allergy - ScienceDaily (Apr. 3, 2011) — Tiny particles only billionths of a meter in diameter -- about two thousand would fit across the width of a human hair -- could offer big hope in a small package to the many millions of people who are allergic to the nickel in everything from jewelry to coins and cell phones, say scientists at Brigham and Women's Hospital (BWH).In the April 3 online issue of Nature Nanotechnology, the team will report a new approach to preventing the common skin allergy. - http://mcaf.ee/7a8d5
Transmission Lines for Nanofocusing of Infrared Light - ScienceDaily (Apr. 4, 2011) — A joint cooperation between three research groups at nanoGUNE (Donostia -- San Sebastian, Spain) reports an innovative method to focus infrared light with tapered transmission lines to nanometer-size dimensions. This device could trigger the development of novel chemical and biological sensing tools, including ultra-small infrared spectrometers and lab-on-a-chip integrated biosensors. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110404084434.htm
First Polymer Solar-Thermal Device Heats Home, Saves Money - ScienceDaily (Apr. 4, 2011) — A new polymer-based solar-thermal device is the first to generate power from both heat and visible sunlight -- an advance that could shave the cost of heating a home by as much as 40 percent. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110404111148.htm
Active Electromagnetic Suspension System Can Increase Ride Quality of Cars by 60 Percent - ScienceDaily (Apr. 5, 2011) — Researchers at Eindhoven University of Technology (TU/e, Netherlands) have developed an active electromagnetic suspension system that can increase the ride quality of cars by 60 percent. Cars fitted with this suspension system are also safer because they no longer roll (sway) in corners. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110405102042.htm
Invisibility Cloaks and More: Force of Acoustical Waves Tapped for Metamaterials - ScienceDaily (Apr. 5, 2011) — A very simple bench-top technique that uses the force of acoustical waves to create a variety of 3D structures will benefit the rapidly expanding field of metamaterials and their myriad applications -- including "invisibility cloaks." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110405122334.htm
Scientist finds a whole new 'domain' of life - It is life but not as we know it – a scientist claims to have discovered not just a new species but a whole new branch of the tree of life. - (April 5, 2011 - By Richard Alleyne, Science Correspondent - The Telegraph/UK) - Living things are currently split into three branches or domains – eukaryotes, or complex celled organisms such as animals, plants and humans – and two simple celled microorganism divisions – bacteria and archaea.
But now a researcher working with the laboratory of the maverick scientist Dr Craig Venter claims he might have discovered a fourth.
Professor Jonathan Eisen, an evolutionary biologist at the University of California, has used complicated gene sequencing techniques to look at DNA collected by Dr Venter on a round the world yachting trip.
He found that some of the genes did not fit into the three domains and that he could possibly have stumbled on a whole new domain.
Trying to classify the new DNA has proved impossible and so Prof Eisen has published his findings in the journal Public Library of Science in the hope others can help. - http://mcaf.ee/2974e
New Way to Control Magnetic Properties of Graphene Discovered - ScienceDaily (Apr. 13, 2011) — University of Maryland researchers have discovered a way to control magnetic properties of graphene that could lead to powerful new applications in magnetic storage and magnetic random access memory.
The finding by a team of Maryland researchers, led by Physics Professor Michael S. Fuhrer of the UMD Center for Nanophysics and Advanced Materials is the latest of many amazing properties discovered for graphene. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110414091110.htm
New Spin on Graphene Makes It Magnetic - ScienceDaily (Apr. 14, 2011) — A team led by Professor Andre Geim, a recipient of the 2010 Nobel Prize for graphene, can now show that electric current -- a flow of electrons -- can magnetise graphene.
The results, reported in Science, could be a potentially huge breakthrough in the field of spintronics.
Spintronics is a group of emerging technologies that exploit the intrinsic spin of the electron, in addition to its fundamental electric charge that is exploited in microelectronics.
Billions of spintronics devices such as sensors and memories are already being produced. Every hard disk drive has a magnetic sensor that uses a flow of spins, and magnetic random access memory (MRAM) chips are becoming increasingly popular. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110414141400.htm
Rainbow-Trapping Scientist Now Strives to Slow Light Waves Even Further - ScienceDaily (Apr. 12, 2011) — An electrical engineer at the University at Buffalo, who previously demonstrated experimentally the "rainbow trapping effect" -- a phenomenon that could boost optical data storage and communications -- is now working to capture all the colors of the rainbow.
In a paper published March 29 in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences, Qiaoqiang Gan (pronounced "Chow-Chung" and "Gone"), PhD, an assistant professor of electrical engineering at the University at Buffalo's School of Engineering and Applied Sciences, and his colleagues at Lehigh University, where he was a graduate student, described how they slowed broadband light waves using a type of material called nanoplasmonic structures.
Gan explains that the ultimate goal is to achieve a breakthrough in optical communications called multiplexed, multiwavelength communications, where optical data can potentially be tamed at different wavelengths, thus greatly increasing processing and transmission capacity.
He notes that it is widely recognized that if light could ever be stopped entirely, new possibilities would open up for data storage. - http://mcaf.ee/0eb17
DNA Nanoforms: Miniature Architectural Forms -- Some No Larger Than Viruses -- Constructed Through DNA Origami - ScienceDaily (Apr. 14, 2011) — Miniature architectural forms -- some no larger than viruses -- have been constructed through a revolutionary technique known as DNA origami. Now, Hao Yan, Yan Liu and their colleagues at Arizona State University's Biodesign Institute have expanded the capability of this method to construct arbitrary, two and three-dimensional shapes, mimicking those commonly found in nature.
Such diminutive forms may ultimately find their way into a wide array of devices, from ultra-tiny computing components to nanomedical sentries used to target and destroy aberrant cells or deliver therapeutics at the cellular or even molecular level. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110414141352.htm
Physics Of The Riderless Bike
(3-1/2 min. audio/video)
Plasma Nanoscience Needed for Green Energy Revolution, Scientist Argues - ScienceDaily (Apr. 13, 2011) — A step change in research relating to plasma nanoscience is needed for the world to overcome the challenge of sufficient energy creation and storage, says a leading scientist from CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering and the University of Sydney, Australia.
Professor Kostya (Ken) Ostrikov of the Plasma Nanoscience Centre Australia, CSIRO Materials Science and Engineering, has highlighted, in IOP Publishing's Journal of Physics D: Applied Physics, the unique potential of plasma nanoscience to control energy and matter at fundamental levels to produce cost-effective, environmentally and human health friendly nanoscale materials for applications in virtually any area of human activity.
Professor Ostrikov is a pioneer in the field of plasma nanoscience…. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110413225231.htm
Carbon Fiber Used to Reinforce Buildings; Protect from Explosion - ScienceDaily (Apr. 15, 2011) — Most buildings are not constructed to withstand an unexpected explosion or impact. Now, a researcher at the University of Missouri is working with the U.S. Army to test a method of retrofitting buildings to protect them in the case of a terrorist attack. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110414131836.htm
Nanofiber Spheres Carrying Cells Injected Into Wounds to Grow Tissue - ScienceDaily (Apr. 17, 2011) — For the first time, scientists have made star-shaped, biodegradable polymers that can self-assemble into hollow, nanofiber spheres, and when the spheres are injected with cells into wounds, these spheres biodegrade, but the cells live on to form new tissue. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110417185353.htm
'Green Energy' Advance: Tandem Catalysis in Nanocrystal Interfaces - ScienceDaily (Apr. 12, 2011) — In a development that holds intriguing possibilities for the future of industrial catalysis, as well as for such promising clean green energy technologies as artificial photosynthesis, researchers with the U.S. Department of Energy (DOE)'s Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory (Berkeley Lab) have created bilayered nanocrystals of a metal-metal oxide that are the first to feature multiple catalytic sites on nanocrystal interfaces. These multiple catalytic sites allow for multiple, sequential catalytic reactions to be carried out selectively and in tandem. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110411142311.htm
Nanoparticles With Honeycomb Cavities Containing Drugs Blast Cancer Cells - ScienceDaily (Apr. 18, 2011) — Melding nanotechnology and medical research, Sandia National Laboratories, the University of New Mexico, and the UNM Cancer Research and Treatment Center have produced an effective strategy that uses nanoparticles to blast cancerous cells with a mélange of killer drugs.
In the cover article of the May issue of Nature Materials, available online April 17 , the researchers describe silica nanoparticles about 150 nanometers in diameter as honeycombed with cavities that can store large amounts and varieties of drugs.
"The enormous capacity of the nanoporous core, with its high surface area, combined with the improved targeting of an encapsulating lipid bilayer [called a liposome], permit a single 'protocell' loaded with a drug cocktail to kill a drug-resistant cancer cell," says Sandia researcher and UNM professor Jeff Brinker, the principal investigator. "That's a millionfold increase in efficiency over comparable methods employing liposomes alone -- without nanoparticles -- as drug carriers." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110418114208.htm
'Impossible' Feat: Certain Materials Can Exhibit Ferromagnetism and Superconductivity at Same Time - ScienceDaily (Apr. 18, 2011) — It actually seems impossible: Scientists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and the TU Dresden were able to verify with an intermetallic compound of bismuth and nickel that certain materials actually exhibit the two contrary properties of superconductivity and ferromagnetism at the same time. A phenomenon that had only been demonstrated around the globe on a small number of materials and which might provide highly interesting technological opportunities in future.
Just in time for the 100th anniversary to commemorate the discovery of superconductivity by the Dutch physicist Heike Kamerlingh Onnes on April 8, 1911, scientists from the Helmholtz-Zentrum Dresden-Rossendorf and the TU Dresden published their research results in the journal Physical Review B.
Headed by Dr. Thomas Herrmannsdörfer, the team from the HZDR's High Magnetic Field Laboratory (HLD) examined a material consisting of the elements bismuth and nickel (Bi3Ni) with a diameter of only a few nanometers -- which is unique since it has not been achieved elsewhere so far. This was made possible through a new chemical synthesis procedure at low temperatures which had been developed at the TU Dresden under the leadership of Prof. Michael Ruck. The nano scale size and the special form of the intermetallic compound -- namely, tiny fibers -- caused the physical properties of the material, which is non-magnetic under normal conditions, to change so dramatically. This is a particularly impressive example of the excellent opportunities modern nanotechnology can provide today, emphasizes Dr. Thomas Herrmannsdörfer. "It's really surprising to which extend the properties of a substance can vary if one manages to reduce their size to the nanometer scale." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110418114007.htm
The all-electric radio controlled vehicle, named “dAlH2Orean”, can zip along at 30km/hr (18 mpg) by turning waste aluminum scraps like ringpulls into hydrogen, and then into power. By mixing water and residual aluminum with sodium hydroxide, hydrogen is generated.
That chemical is then passed through a series of filters to eliminate waste and improve performance. A vinegar filter with water helps remove traces of hydroxides, while another filter containing a silica gel ball gets rid of the moisture. A membrane then separates the electrons from the protons until they meet again in an environment of oxygen.
Once produced, the clean hydrogen feeds the fuel cell that produces the energy for the car. Because it’s a closed cycle, the little machine doesn’t belch out any carbon dioxide emissions. - http://www.wired.com/autopia/2011/04/rc-car-runs-on-aluminum-pull-tabs/
Nanomedicine One Step Closer to Reality - ScienceDaily (Apr. 20, 2011) — A class of engineered nanoparticles -- gold-centered spheres smaller than viruses -- has been shown safe when administered by two alternative routes in a mouse study led by investigators at the Stanford University School of Medicine. This marks the first step up the ladder of toxicology studies that, within a year and a half, could yield to human trials of the tiny agents for detection of colorectal and possibly other cancers. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110420143656.htm
Material That If Scratched, You Can Quickly and Easily Fix Yourself, With Light Not Heat - ScienceDaily (Apr. 20, 2011) — Imagine you're driving your own new car--or a rental car--and you need to park in a commercial garage. Maybe you're going to work, visiting a mall or attending an event at a sports stadium, and you're in a rush. Limited and small available spots and concrete pillars make parking a challenge. And it happens that day: you slightly misjudge a corner and you can hear the squeal as you scratch the side of your car--small scratches, but large anticipated repair costs.
Now imagine that that you can repair these unsightly scratches yourself--quickly, easily and inexpensively. . . . or that you can go through a car wash that can detect these and other more minor scratches and fix them as the car goes through the washing garage. Fantasy? Not exactly. Not anymore. Not according to a new discovery detailed in the April 21 issue of the journal Nature, and depicted in a short video interview and simulation: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=h-fka0wfY8w
A team of researchers in the United States and Switzerland have developed a polymer-based material that can heal itself with the help of a widely used type of lighting. Called "metallo-supramolecular polymers," the material is capable of becoming a supple liquid that fills crevasses and gaps left by scrapes and scuffs when placed under ultraviolet light for less than a minute and then resolidifying. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110420143618.htm
RNA Nanoparticles Constructed to Safely Deliver Long-Lasting Therapy to Cells - ScienceDaily (Apr. 20, 2011) — Nanotechnology researchers have known for years that RNA, the cousin of DNA, is a promising tool for nanotherapy, in which therapeutic agents can be delivered inside the body via nanoparticles. But the difficulties of producing long-lasting, therapeutic RNA that remains stable and non-toxic while entering targeted cells have posed challenges for their progress.
In two new publications in the journal Molecular Therapy, University of Cincinnati (UC) biomedical engineering professor Peixuan Guo, PhD, details successful methods of producing large RNA nanoparticles and testing their safety in the delivery of therapeutics to targeted cells.
The articles, in advance online publication, represent "two very important milestones in RNA nanotherapy," says Guo. - http://mcaf.ee/603d4
Functioning Synapse Created Using Carbon Nanotubes: Devices Might Be Used in Brain Prostheses or Synthetic Brains - ScienceDaily (Apr. 22, 2011) — Engineering researchers the University of Southern California have made a significant breakthrough in the use of nanotechnologies for the construction of a synthetic brain. They have built a carbon nanotube synapse circuit whose behavior in tests reproduces the function of a neuron, the building block of the brain. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110421151921.htm
Conducting Ferroelectrics May Be Key to New Electronic Memory - ScienceDaily (Apr. 25, 2011) — Novel properties of ferroelectric materials discovered at the Department of Energy's Oak Ridge National Laboratory are moving scientists one step closer to realizing a new paradigm of electronic memory storage.
A new study led by ORNL's Peter Maksymovych and published in the American Chemical Society's Nano Letters revealed that contrary to previous assumptions, domain walls in ferroelectric materials act as dynamic conductors instead of static ones. - http://mcaf.ee/pu3m6
New 'Nanobead' Approach Could Revolutionize Sensor Technology - ScienceDaily (Apr. 26, 2011) — Researchers at Oregon State University have found a way to use magnetic "nanobeads" to help detect chemical and biological agents, with possible applications in everything from bioterrorism to medical diagnostics, environmental monitoring or even water and food safety. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110426131819.htm
Nanotechnologists Must Take Lessons from Nature - ScienceDaily (Apr. 28, 2011) — It's common knowledge that the perfect is the enemy of the good, but in the nanoscale world, perfection can act as the enemy of the best. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110428132240.htm
Chemist Designs New Polymer Structures for Use as 'Plastic Electronics' - ScienceDaily (Apr. 28, 2011) — Iowa State University's Malika Jeffries-EL says she's studying doing structure-property studies so she can teach old polymers new tricks.
Those tricks improve the properties of certain organic polymers that mimic the properties of traditional inorganic semiconductors and could make the polymers very useful in organic solar cells, light-emitting diodes and thin-film transistors. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110428162306.htm
New Solar Cell Technology Greatly Boosts Efficiency - ScienceDaily (Apr. 29, 2011) — With the creation of a 3-D nanocone-based solar cell platform, a team led by Oak Ridge National Laboratory's Jun Xu has boosted the light-to-power conversion efficiency of photovoltaics by nearly 80 percent. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110429121853.htm
Herding Swarms of Microrobots - Tiny robots self-assemble with a single command. - (April 29, 2011- by Kristina Grifantini - Technology Review/MIT) - https://www.technologyreview.com/computing/37482/page1/
Solar-Thermal Flat-Panels That Generate Electric Power: Researchers See Broad Residential and Industrial Applications - ScienceDaily (May 1, 2011) — High-performance nanotech materials arrayed on a flat panel platform demonstrated seven to eight times higher efficiency than previous solar thermoelectric generators, opening up solar-thermal electric power conversion to a broad range of residential and industrial uses, a team of researchers from Boston College and MIT report in the journal Nature Materials. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110501183821.htm
Sticky Film Makes Nonslip Ladders, Wall-Climbing Robots - (May 2, 2011 - Dylan Tweney - Wired) - MENLO PARK, California — Scientists at SRI International have figured out how to make a plastic film that can stick to walls when you apply a small electric current — then peel off effortlessly when you turn the current off. - http://www.wired.com/gadgetlab/2011/05/sticky-film-sri/
Cold Fusion is a Reality
(7 min. - YouTube audio)
Details about the current reality
of working Cold Fusion
begins at 3 minutes and 45 seconds
into the discussion.
Quantum effects brought to light - Results of entanglement made visible to human eyes. - (April 28, 2011 - by - Nature) - http://www.nature.com/news/2011/110428/full/news.2011.252.html
Revolutionary New Paper Computer Shows Flexible Future for Smartphones and Tablets - ScienceDaily (May 4, 2011) — The world's first interactive paper computer is set to revolutionize the world of interactive computing.
"This is the future. Everything is going to look and feel like this within five years," says creator Roel Vertegaal, the director of Queen's University Human Media Lab. "This computer looks, feels and operates like a small sheet of interactive paper. You interact with it by bending it into a cell phone, flipping the corner to turn pages, or writing on it with a pen."
The smartphone prototype, called PaperPhone is best described as a flexible iPhone -- it does everything a smartphone does, like store books, play music or make phone calls. But its display consists of a 9.5 cm diagonal thin film flexible E Ink display. The flexible form of the display makes it much more portable that any current mobile computer: it will shape with your pocket.
Dr. Vertegaal will unveil his paper computer on May 10 at 2 pm at the Association of Computing Machinery's CHI 2011 (Computer Human Interaction) conference in Vancouver -- the premier international conference of Human-Computer Interaction.
Being able to store and interact with documents on larger versions of these light, flexible computers means offices will no longer require paper or printers.
"The paperless office is here. Everything can be stored digitally and you can place these computers on top of each other just like a stack of paper, or throw them around the desk" says Dr. Vertegaal.
The invention heralds a new generation of computers that are super lightweight, thin-film and flexible. They use no power when nobody is interacting with them. When users are reading, they don't feel like they're holding a sheet of glass or metal. - http://mcaf.ee/um78r
Pentagonal Tiles Pave the Way Towards Organic Electronics - ScienceDaily (May 6, 2011) — New research paves way for the nanoscale self-assembly of organic building blocks, a promising new route towards the next generation of ultra-small electronic devices.Ring-like molecules with unusual five-fold symmetry bind strongly to a copper surface, due to a substantial transfer of charge, but experience remarkably little difficulty in sideways diffusion, and exhibit surprisingly little interaction between neighbouring molecules. This unprecedented combination of features is ideal for the spontaneous creation of high-density stable thin films, comprising a pavement of these organic pentagonal tiles, with potential applications in computing, solar power and novel display technologies. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110506101101.htm
A Renewable Twist on Fossil Fuels - ScienceDaily (May 5, 2011) — Pulling valuable fuels out of thin air? It sounds like magic, but Joel Rosenthal, a chemist at the University of Delaware, is working to transform carbon dioxide (CO2), a greenhouse gas in the atmosphere, into gas for your car and clean-energy future fuels. ….
"The chemistry we're doing is energetically uphill -- it's an energy-storing process rather than a downhill, energy-liberating process," he notes. "And our goal is to make liquid fuel renewably from wind and solar sources, not from typical fossil fuel bases." - http://mcaf.ee/pbnz1
Measurement of 'Hot' Electrons Could Have Solar Energy Payoff; Nanoantennas Hold Promise for Infrared Photovoltaics - ScienceDaily (May 5, 2011) — Basic scientific curiosity paid off in unexpected ways when Rice University researchers investigating the fundamental physics of nanomaterials discovered a new technology that could dramatically improve solar energy panels.
The research is described in a new paper in the journal Science.
"We're merging the optics of nanoscale antennas with the electronics of semiconductors," said lead researcher Naomi Halas, Rice's Stanley C. Moore Professor in Electrical and Computer Engineering. "There's no practical way to directly detect infrared light with silicon, but we've shown that it is possible if you marry the semiconductor to a nanoantenna. We expect this technique will be used in new scientific instruments for infrared-light detection and for higher-efficiency solar cells." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110505142604.htm
Strong, Tough and Now Cheap: New Way to Process Metallic Glass Developed - ScienceDaily (May 12, 2011) — Stronger than steel or titanium -- and just as tough -- metallic glass is an ideal material for everything from cell-phone cases to aircraft parts. Now, researchers at the California Institute of Technology (Caltech) have developed a new technique that allows them to make metallic-glass parts utilizing the same inexpensive processes used to produce plastic parts. With this new method, they can heat a piece of metallic glass at a rate of a million degrees per second and then mold it into any shape in just a few milliseconds.
"We've redefined how you process metals," says William Johnson, the Ruben F. and Donna Mettler Professor of Engineering and Applied Science. "This is a paradigm shift in metallurgy." Johnson leads a team of researchers who are publishing their findings in the May 13 issue of the journal Science. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110512150815.htm
Super Energy Storage: Activated Graphene Makes Superior Supercapacitors for Energy Storage - ScienceDaily (May 12, 2011) — Scientists at the U.S. Department of Energy's Brookhaven National Laboratory have helped to uncover the nanoscale structure of a novel form of carbon, contributing to an explanation of why this new material acts like a super-absorbent sponge when it comes to soaking up electric charge. The material, which was recently created at The University of Texas -- Austin, can be incorporated into "supercapacitor" energy-storage devices with remarkably high storage capacity while retaining other attractive attributes such as superfast energy release, quick recharge time, and a lifetime of at least 10,000 charge/discharge cycles. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110512150731.htm
Crazy Military Tracking Tech, From Super Scents to Quantum Dots - (May 18, 2011 - by Adam Rawnsley and Noah Shachtman) - Scents that make you trackable, indoors and out. Nanocrystals that stick to your body, and light up on night-vision goggles. Miniradar that maps your location on Google Earth.
You can run, but you'll learn it's hard to hide from a new range of military tech. - http://www.wired.com/dangerroom/2011/05/crazy-military-tracking-tech/
Invisibility Cloak: Scientists Achieve Optical Invisibility in Visible Light Range of Spectrum - ScienceDaily (May 18, 2011) — "Seeing something invisible with your own eyes is an exciting experience," say Joachim Fischer and Tolga Ergin. For about one year, both physicists and members of the team of Professor Martin Wegener at KIT's Center for Functional Nanostructures (CFN) have worked on refining the structure of the Karlsruhe invisibility cloak to such an extent that it is also effective in the visible spectral range. - http://mcaf.ee/gtmxo
Free-Floating Planets May Be More Common Than Stars - ScienceDaily (May 18, 2011) — Astronomers, including a NASA-funded team member, have discovered a new class of Jupiter-sized planets floating alone in the dark of space, away from the light of a star. The team believes these lone worlds were probably ejected from developing planetary systems. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110518131757.htm
Carbon Black Nanoparticles Can Cause Cell Death, Inflammation in Lungs, Researchers Find - ScienceDaily (May 18, 2011) — Researchers from the University of Iowa Roy J. and Lucille A. Carver College of Medicine have found that inhaled carbon black nanoparticles create a double source of inflammation in the lungs.
Their findings were published online in the April 27 edition of the Journal of Biological Chemistry. Martha Monick, Ph.D., UI professor of internal medicine, was lead author of the paper which outlined the results. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110518161713.htm
Novel Artificial Material Could Facilitate Wireless Power - ScienceDaily (May 23, 2011) — Electrical engineers at Duke University have determined that unique artificial materials should theoretically make it possible to improve the power transfer to small devices, such as laptops or cell phones, or ultimately to larger ones, such as cars or elevators, without wires. - http://mcaf.ee/e4hz3
Using Microbes to Generate Electricity? - ScienceDaily (May 23, 2011) — Using bacteria to generate energy is a significant step closer following a breakthrough discovery by scientists at the University of East Anglia (UEA).
Published May 23 by the scientific journal Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences (PNAS), the research demonstrates for the first time the exact molecular structure of the proteins which enable bacterial cells to transfer electrical charge.
The discovery means scientists can now start developing ways to 'tether' bacteria directly to electrodes -- creating efficient microbial fuel cells or 'bio-batteries'. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110523152337.htm
Supercapacitors: Cheaper, Greener, Alternative Energy Storage - ScienceDaily (May 23, 2011) — Every year, the world consumes approximately 15 terawatts of power, according to some estimates. Since the amount of annual harvestable solar energy has been estimated at 50 terawatts, students at Stevens Institute of Technology are working on a supercapacitor that will allow us to harness more of this renewable energy through biochar electrodes for supercapacitors, resulting in a cleaner, greener planet. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110523101909.htm
First Macro-Scale Thin-Film Solid-Oxide Fuel Cell: Strong, Nanostructured Membrane Enables Scaling for Clean-Energy Applications - ScienceDaily (May 21, 2011) — Materials scientists at the Harvard School of Engineering and Applied Sciences (SEAS) and SiEnergy Systems LLC have demonstrated the first macro-scale thin-film solid-oxide fuel cell (SOFC).
While SOFCs have previously worked at the micro-scale, this is the first time any research group has overcome the structural challenges of scaling the technology up to a practical size with a proportionally higher power output.
Reported online April 3 in Nature Nanotechnology, the demonstration of this fully functional SOFC indicates the potential of electrochemical fuel cells to be a viable source of clean energy. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/04/110404110417.htm
'Nanowire' Measurements Could Improve Computer Memory - ScienceDaily (May 25, 2011) — A recent study at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) may have revealed the optimal characteristics for a new type of computer memory now under development. The work, performed in collaboration with researchers from George Mason University (GMU), aims to optimize nanowire-based charge-trapping memory devices, potentially illuminating the path to creating portable computers and cell phones that can operate for days between charging sessions. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110525110821.htm
Nanoengineers Invent New Biomaterial That More Closely Mimics Human Tissue - ScienceDaily (May 25, 2011) — A new biomaterial designed for repairing damaged human tissue doesn't wrinkle up when it is stretched. The invention from nanoengineers at the University of California, San Diego marks a significant breakthrough in tissue engineering because it more closely mimics the properties of native human tissue. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110526091806.htm
Safety of Nanoparticles in Food Crops Is Still Unclear - ScienceDaily (June 1, 2011) — With the curtain about to rise on a much-anticipated new era of "nanoagriculture" -- using nanotechnology to boost the productivity of plants for food, fuel, and other uses -- scientists are reporting a huge gap in knowledge about the effects of nanoparticles on corn, tomatoes, rice and other food crops.
Their article appears in ACS' Journal of Agricultural and Food Chemistry.
Jorge Gardea-Torresdey, a co-investigator for the NSF/EPA University of California Center for Environmental Implications of Nanotechnology, and colleagues at The University of Texas at El Paso, note that nanoparticles, which are 1/50,000th the width of a human hair, are used in products ranging from medicines to cosmetics. The particles also could end up in the environment, settling in the soil, especially as fertilizers, growth enhancers and other nanoagricultural products hit the market. Some plants can take-up and accumulate nanoparticles. But it is unclear whether this poses a problem for plants or for the animals (like humans) that eat them. So, the researchers sorted through the scientific literature looking for evidence to settle the safety question.
In the article, the scientists analyzed nearly 100 scientific articles on the effects of different types of nanoparticles on edible plants. They found that the uptake and build-up of nanoparticles varies, and these factors largely depend on the type of plant and the size and chemical composition of the nanoparticles. "This literature review has confirmed that knowledge on plant toxicity of [nanomaterials] is at the foundation stage," the article states, noting that the emerging field of nanoecotoxicology is starting to tackle this topic. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110601111401.htm
Phase Change Memory-Based 'Moneta' System Points to the Future of Computer Storage - ScienceDaily (June 2, 2011) — A University of California, San Diego faculty-student team is about to demonstrate a first-of-its kind, phase-change memory solid state storage device that provides performance thousands of times faster than a conventional hard drive and up to seven times faster than current state-of-the-art solid-state drives (SSDs). - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110602153046.htm
The Discovery of the Century
Evidence of Ancient Electrical Devices
found in the Great Pyramid?
By Christopher Dunn
June 2, 2011
New images from
inside the Great Pyramid shaft
of electrical terminals,
cables and even ancient wiring diagrams!
The discovery of
electrical contacts and wiring
inside the Great Pyramid,
along with markings that
show how to connect them,
do not fit anywhere in conventional Egyptology
confirm the theory first published in my book,
The Giza Power Plant:
Technologies of Ancient Egypt
Only this theory has
ever made such predictions,
and every robot explorer they send up the shafts
finds more and more evidence to prove
that the theory is correct.
Background and details follow:
Stamping out Low Cost Nanodevices - ScienceDaily (June 1, 2011) — A simple technique for stamping patterns invisible to the human eye onto a special class of nanomaterials provides a new, cost-effective way to produce novel devices in areas ranging from drug delivery to solar cells.
The technique was developed by Vanderbilt University engineers and described in the cover article of the May issue of the journal Nano Letters. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110531155359.htm
Moving Mirrors Make Light from Nothing - Researchers claim to have produced sought-after quantum effect. - (June 3, 2011 - By Geoff Brumfiel of Nature magazine - Scientific American) - https://www.scientificamerican.com/article.cfm?id=moving-mirrors-make-light-from-nothing
DNA Can Discern Between Two Quantum States, Research Shows - ScienceDaily (Mar. 31, 2011) — Do the principles of quantum mechanics apply to biological systems? Until now, says Prof. Ron Naaman of the Institute's Chemical Physics Department (Faculty of Chemistry), both biologists and physicists have considered quantum systems and biological molecules to be like apples and oranges. But research he conducted together with scientists in Germany, which appeared recently in Science, shows that a biological molecule -- DNA -- can discern between quantum states known as spin. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110331104014.htm
Upping the Anti: Canadian Researchers Instrumental in Game-Changing Antimatter Study - ScienceDaily (June 5, 2011) — Science fiction is fast approaching science fact as researchers are progressing rapidly toward "bottling" antimatter. - http://mcaf.ee/diyt0
Research Creates Nanoparticles Perfectly Formed to Tackle Cancer - ScienceDaily (June 6, 2011) — Researchers from the University of Hull have discovered a way to load up nanoparticles with large numbers of light-sensitive molecules to create a more effective form of photodynamic therapy (PDT) for treating cancer.
Photodynamic therapy uses molecules which, when irradiated with light, cause irreparable damage to cells by creating toxic forms of oxygen, called reactive oxygen species. Most PDT works with individual light-sensitive molecules -- but the new nanoparticles could each carry hundreds of molecules to a cancer site. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110606112818.htm
'Catch and Release' Program Could Improve Nanoparticle Safety Assessment - ScienceDaily (June 8, 2011) — Depending on whom you ask, nanoparticles are, potentially, either one of the most promising or the most perilous creations of science. These tiny objects can deliver drugs efficiently and enhance the properties of many materials, but what if they also are hazardous to your health in some way? Now, scientists at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) have found a way to manipulate nanoparticles so that questions like this can be answered. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110608123141.htm
Nanotechnology Circuits for Wireless Devices: First Wafer-Scale Graphene Integrated Circuit Smaller Than a Pinhead - ScienceDaily (June 11, 2011) — IBM Research scientists have announced that they have achieved a milestone in creating a building block for the future of wireless devices. In a paper published in the journal Science, IBM researchers announced the first integrated circuit fabricated from wafer-size graphene, and demonstrated a broadband frequency mixer operating at frequencies up to 10 gigahertz (10 billion cycles/second).
Designed for wireless communications, this graphene-based analog integrated circuit could improve today's wireless devices and points to the potential for a new set of applications. At today's conventional frequencies, cell phone and transceiver signals could be improved, potentially allowing phones to work where they can't today while, at much higher frequencies, military and medical personnel could see concealed weapons or conduct medical imaging without the same radiation dangers of X-rays.
Origami: Between The Folds - (Video excerpts - Independent Lens/PBS) - Origami may seem an unlikely medium for understanding and explaining the world. But around the globe, several fine artists and theoretical scientists are abandoning more conventional career paths to forge lives as modern-day paper folders. Through origami, these offbeat and provocative minds are reshaping ideas of creativity and revealing the relationship between art and science.
BETWEEN THE FOLDS chronicles 10 of their stories. Featuring interviews with and insights into the practice of these intrepid paper folders, the film opens with three of the world's foremost origami artists: a former sculptor in France who folds caricatures in paper rivaling the figures of Daumier and Picasso; a hyper-realist who walked away from a successful physics career to challenge the physics of a folded square instead; and an artisanal papermaker who folds impressionistic creations from the very same medium he makes from scratch.
The film then moves to less conventional artists, exploring concepts of minimalism, deconstruction, process and empiricism. Abstract artists emerge with a greater emphasis on concept, chopping at the fundamental roots of realism, which have long dominated traditional origami. The film also features advanced mathematicians and a remarkable scientist who received a MacArthur Genius Award for his computational origami research. - http://mcaf.ee/jqkmg
'Biological Circuit' Components Developed; New Microscope Technique for Measuring Them - ScienceDaily (June 9, 2011) — Electrical engineers have long been toying with the idea of designing biological molecules that can be directly integrated into electronic circuits. University of Pennsylvania researchers have developed a way to form these structures so they can operate in open-air environments, and, more important, have developed a new microscope technique that can measure the electrical properties of these and similar devices. - http://mcaf.ee/kzb7g
First Self-Powered Device With Wireless Data Transmission - ScienceDaily (June 15, 2011) — Scientists are reporting development of the first self-powered nano-device that can transmit data wirelessly over long distances. In a study in ACS's journal Nano Letters, they say it proves the feasibility of a futuristic genre of tiny implantable medical sensors, airborne and stationary surveillance cameras and sensors, wearable personal electronics, and other devices that operate independently without batteries on energy collected from the environment. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110615103042.htm
From Seawater to Freshwater With a Nanotechnology Filter - ScienceDaily (June 20, 2011) — In the June 2011 issue of Physics World, Jason Reese, Weir Professor of Thermodynamics and Fluid Mechanics at the University of Strathclyde, describes the role that carbon nanotubes (CNTs) could play in the desalination of water, providing a possible solution to the problem of the world's ever-growing population demanding more and more fresh drinking water. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110531201217.htm
Self-Assembling Electronic Nano-Components - ScienceDaily (June 20, 2011) — Magnetic storage media such as hard drives have revolutionized the handling of information: huge quantities of data are magnetically stored while relying on highly sensitive electronic components. And data capacities are expected to increase further through ever smaller components. Together with experts from Grenoble and Strasbourg, researchers of KIT's Institute of Nanotechnology (INT) have now developed a nano-component based on a mechanism observed in nature. - http://mcaf.ee/ukglc
Nanoparticles Disguised as Red Blood Cells Will Deliver Cancer-Fighting Drugs - ScienceDaily (June 20, 2011) — Researchers at the University of California, San Diego have developed a novel method of disguising nanoparticles as red blood cells, which will enable them to evade the body's immune system and deliver cancer-fighting drugs straight to a tumor. Their research will be published next week in the online Early Edition of the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences.
The method involves collecting the membrane from a red blood cell and wrapping it like a powerful camouflaging cloak around a biodegradable polymer nanoparticle stuffed with a cocktail of small molecule drugs. Nanoparticles are less than 100 nanometers in size, about the same size as a virus.
"This is the first work that combines the natural cell membrane with a synthetic nanoparticle for drug delivery applications." said Liangfang Zhang, a nanoeningeering professor at the UC San Diego Jacobs School of Engineering and Moores UCSD Cancer Center. "This nanoparticle platform will have little risk of immune response." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110620161300.htm
Waste Heat Converted to Electricity Using New Alloy - ScienceDaily (June 22, 2011) — University of Minnesota engineering researchers in the College of Science and Engineering have recently discovered a new alloy material that converts heat directly into electricity. This revolutionary energy conversion method is in the early stages of development, but it could have wide-sweeping impact on creating environmentally friendly electricity from waste heat sources. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110622125706.htm
Brain-Like Computing a Step Closer to Reality - ScienceDaily (June 24, 2011) — The development of 'brain-like' computers has taken a major step forward with the publication of research led by the University of Exeter.Published in the journal Advanced Materials, the study involved the first ever demonstration of simultaneous information processing and storage using phase-change materials. This new technique could revolutionize computing by making computers faster and more energy-efficient, as well as making them more closely resemble biological systems. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110623130736.htm
New Solar Cell: Engineers Crack Full-Spectrum Solar Challenge - ScienceDaily (June 26, 2011) — In a paper published in Nature Photonics, U of T Engineering researchers report a new solar cell that may pave the way to inexpensive coatings that efficiently convert the sun's rays to electricity.
The U of T researchers, led by Professor Ted Sargent, report the first efficient tandem solar cell based on colloidal quantum dots (CQD). "The U of T device is a stack of two light-absorbing layers -- one tuned to capture the sun's visible rays, the other engineered to harvest the half of the sun's power that lies in the infrared," said lead author Dr. Xihua Wang.
"We needed a breakthrough in architecting the interface between the visible and infrared junction," said Sargent, a Professor of Electrical and Computer Engineering at the University of Toronto, who is also the Canada Research Chair in Nanotechnology. "The team engineered a cascade -- really a waterfall -- of nanometers-thick materials to shuttle electrons between the visible and infrared layers." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110626145423.htm
When flower power met quantum theory - (June 27, 2011 - by Marcus Chown - NewScientist) - David Kaiser's How the Hippies Saved Physics is a reminder of the unexpected influence a bunch of freewheeling 1970s physicists had on fundamental theories
…a small group of freewheeling physicists who, for four years from May 1975, met regularly in an office at the Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory in California. "The Fundamental Fysiks Group" was open - perhaps too open - to everything from LSD-tripping, to remote viewing via ESP, to contacting the dead. Its core members, which included physicists Jack Sarfatti, Fred Alan Wolf and Elizabeth Rauscher, even persuaded the great Richard Feynman to attend discussion sessions at the Esalen Institute on the spectacular rocky coast of northern California - though, according to Kaiser, Feynman admitted a big attraction was the "naked co-ed hot-spring baths". - http://www.newscientist.com/blogs/culturelab/2011/06/when-flower-power-met-quantum-theory.html
Water Can Flow Below -130°C ScienceDaily (June 27, 2011) — When water is cooled below zero degrees, it usually crystallizes directly into ice. Ove Andersson, a physicist at Umeå University, has now managed to produce sluggishly flowing water at 130 degree below zero under high pressure -- 10,000 times higher than normal pressure. It is possible that this sluggishly fluid and cold water exists on other heavenly bodies. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110627122656.htm
Metal Particle Generates New Hope for Hydrogen Energy - ScienceDaily (June 27, 2011) — Tiny metallic particles produced by University of Adelaide chemistry researchers are bringing new hope for the production of cheap, efficient and clean hydrogen energy.
Led by Associate Professor Greg Metha, Head of Chemistry, the researchers are exploring how the metal nanoparticles act as highly efficient catalysts in using solar radiation to split water into hydrogen and oxygen. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110628113153.htm
Inkjet Printing Could Change the Face of Solar Energy Industry - ScienceDaily (June 28, 2011) — Inkjet printers, a low-cost technology that in recent decades has revolutionized home and small office printing, may soon offer similar benefits for the future of solar energy.
Engineers at Oregon State University have discovered a way for the first time to create successful "CIGS" solar devices with inkjet printing, in work that reduces raw material waste by 90 percent and will significantly lower the cost of producing solar energy cells with some very promising compounds.
High performing, rapidly produced, ultra-low cost, thin film solar electronics should be possible, scientists said.The findings have been published in Solar Energy Materials and Solar Cells, a professional journal, and a patent applied for on the discovery. Further research is needed to increase the efficiency of the cell, but the work could lead to a whole new generation of solar energy technology, researchers say. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110628133022.htm
Ultimate Energy Efficiency: Magnetic Microprocessors Could Use Million Times Less Energy Than Today's Silicon Chips - ScienceDaily (July 1, 2011) — Future computers may rely on magnetic microprocessors that consume the least amount of energy allowed by the laws of physics, according to an analysis by University of California, Berkeley, electrical engineers.
Today's silicon-based microprocessor chips rely on electric currents, or moving electrons, that generate a lot of waste heat. But microprocessors employing nanometer-sized bar magnets -- like tiny refrigerator magnets -- for memory, logic and switching operations theoretically would require no moving electrons.Such chips would dissipate only 18 millielectron volts of energy per operation at room temperature, the minimum allowed by the second law of thermodynamics and called the Landauer limit. That's 1 million times less energy per operation than consumed by today's computers. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110701101737.htm
Why 'Event Cloaks' Could Be the Key to the Ultimate Bank Heist - ScienceDaily (June 30, 2011) — In this month's special issue of Physics World, which examines the science and applications of invisibility, Martin McCall and Paul Kinsler of Imperial College London describe a new type of invisibility cloak that does not just hide objects -- but events.Using the ultimate bank heist as an example, McCall and Kinsler explain how a thief could, in principle, use an "event cloak" to steal money from a safe, without even the CCTV surveillance cameras being aware. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110630215959.htm
‘Cling-Film’ Solar Cells Could Lead to Advance in Renewable Energy - ScienceDaily (July 4, 2011) — A scientific advance in renewable energy which promises a revolution in the ease and cost of using solar cells, has been announced on July 4, 2011. A new study shows that even when using very simple and inexpensive manufacturing methods -- where flexible layers of material are deposited over large areas like cling-film -- efficient solar cell structures can be made.
The study, published in the journal Advanced Energy Materials, paves the way for new solar cell manufacturing techniques and the promise of developments in renewable solar energy. ….
Plastic (polymer) solar cells are much cheaper to produce than conventional silicon solar cells and have the potential to be produced in large quantities. The study showed that when complex mixtures of molecules in solution are spread onto a surface, like varnishing a table-top, the different molecules separate to the top and bottom of the layer in a way that maximises the efficiency of the resulting solar cell.
Dr Andrew Parnell of the University of Sheffield said, "Our results give important insights into how ultra-cheap solar energy panels for domestic and industrial use can be manufactured on a large scale. Rather than using complex and expensive fabrication methods to create a specific semiconductor nanostructure, high volume printing could be used to produce nano-scale (60 nano-meters) films of solar cells that are over a thousand times thinner than the width of a human hair. These films could then be used to make cost-effective, light and easily transportable plastic solar cell devices such as solar panels." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110704082656.htm
New Laser Technology Could Kill Viruses and Improve DVDs - ScienceDaily (July 5, 2011) — A team led by a professor at the University of California, Riverside Bourns College of Engineering has made a discovery in semiconductor nanowire laser technology that could potentially do everything from kill viruses to increase storage capacity of DVDs. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110705150932.htm
Coating Boosts Nanowire Efficiency and Sensitivity: Promise for Photodetectors and Solar Cells - ScienceDaily (July 6, 2011) — By applying a coating to individual silicon nanowires, researchers at Harvard and Berkeley have significantly improved the materials' efficiency and sensitivity.
The findings, published in the May 20, 2011 issue of Nano Letters, suggest that the coated wires hold promise for photodetectors and energy harvesting technologies like solar cells. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110706104806.htm
Power from the Air: Device Captures Ambient Electromagnetic Energy to Drive Small Electronic Devices - ScienceDaily (July 7, 2011) — Researchers have discovered a way to capture and harness energy transmitted by such sources as radio and television transmitters, cell phone networks and satellite communications systems. By scavenging this ambient energy from the air around us, the technique could provide a new way to power networks of wireless sensors, microprocessors and communications chips.
"There is a large amount of electromagnetic energy all around us, but nobody has been able to tap into it," said Manos Tentzeris, a professor in the Georgia Tech School of Electrical and Computer Engineering who is leading the research. "We are using an ultra-wideband antenna that lets us exploit a variety of signals in different frequency ranges, giving us greatly increased power-gathering capability."
Tentzeris and his team are using inkjet printers to combine sensors, antennas and energy scavenging capabilities on paper or flexible polymers. The resulting self powered wireless sensors could be used for chemical, biological, heat and stress sensing for defense and industry; radio frequency identification (RFID) tagging for manufacturing and shipping, and monitoring tasks in many fields including communications and power usage. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110707131545.htm
Putting Sunshine in the Tank - ScienceDaily (July 5, 2011) — Working with the Universities of East Anglia, York and Nottingham and using nanotechnology 100,000 times smaller than the thickness of a human hair, the researchers are working on harnessing the vast energy of the Sun to produce clean fuel. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110705071703.htm
Light Propagation Controlled in Photonic Chips: Major Breakthrough in Telecommunications Field - ScienceDaily (July 10, 2011) — Researchers at Columbia Engineering School have built optical nanostructures that enable them to engineer the index of refraction and fully control light dispersion. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110710132825.htm
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New Way to Store Sun's Heat - ScienceDaily (July 13, 2011) — A novel application of carbon nanotubes, developed by MIT researchers, shows promise as an innovative approach to storing solar energy for use whenever it's needed. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110713121301.htm
Researchers Build an Antenna for Light - ScienceDaily (July 11, 2011) — University of Toronto researchers have derived inspiration from the photosynthetic apparatus in plants to engineer a new generation of nanomaterials that control and direct the energy absorbed from light.Their findings are reported in the journal Nature Nanotechnology. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110710132830.htm
Liquid Processing Method Can Control Shapes of Nanowires and Produce Complete Electronic Devices - ScienceDaily (July 14, 2011) — Researchers at MIT have found a way to grow submicroscopic wires in water with great precision, using a method that makes it possible to produce entire electronic devices through a liquid-based process. - http://mcaf.ee/ncx67
Soft Memory Device Opens Door to New Biocompatible Electronics - ScienceDaily (July 14, 2011) — Researchers from North Carolina State University have developed a memory device that is soft and functions well in wet environments -- opening the door to a new generation of biocompatible electronic devices. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110714101513.htm
Writing Nanostructures: Heated AFM Tip Allows Direct Fabrication of Ferroelectric Nanostructures On Plastic - ScienceDaily (July 17, 2011) — Using a technique known as thermochemical nanolithography (TCNL), researchers have developed a new way to fabricate nanometer-scale ferroelectric structures directly on flexible plastic substrates that would be unable to withstand the processing temperatures normally required to create such nanostructures. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110718101211.htm
Hydrogen May Be Key to Growth of High-Quality Graphene - ScienceDaily (July 18, 2011) — A new approach to growing graphene greatly reduces problems that have plagued researchers in the past and clears a path to the crystalline form of graphite's use in sophisticated electronic devices of tomorrow. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110718171405.htm