[Excerpt from the website…]: FLORA by MAX is a plant database that is being constructed for educational purposes and to help me remember the plants that I have identified. I am a professional geologist (retired from the Department of Environmental Sciences, University of Toledo, Toledo, Ohio in 2008) and an amateur botanist (began studying plants in 2004 as a retirement hobby). The site is under constant editing and revision - it will never be finished. - www.florabymax.net
Indiana-Michigan-Ohio Trip - (2014)
The Natural Resources Defense Council works to
protect wildlife and wild places and to ensure a healthy environment for all
life on earth. - http://www.nrdc.org
Outside (magazine) info: http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Outside_%28magazine%29
Tim Cahill is founding editor
of Outside magazine.
For a brief bio and list of his should-read books :
John McPhee is a New Yorker staff writer
and author of twenty-seven should-read books.
For a brief bio and list of his books:
How One Nuclear Skirmish
Could Wreck the Planet
WASHINGTON — Even a small nuclear exchange
could ignite mega-firestorms and wreck the planet’s atmosphere.
New climatological simulations show
100 Hiroshima-sized nuclear bombs
— relatively small warheads, compared to the arsenals military
superpowers stow today —
detonated by neighboring countries
would destroy more than a quarter of the Earth’s ozone layer in about two years.
Regions closer to the poles
would see even more
precipitous drops in the protective gas,
which absorbs harmful ultraviolet radiation from the sun.
New York and Sydney, for example,
would see declines rivaling the perpetual hole in the ozone layer above Antarctica.
And it may take more than six years
for the ozone layer to reach half of its former levels.
Researchers described the results during a panel Feb. 18
calling it “a real bummer” that such a localized nuclear war
could bring the modern world to its knees.
“This is tremendously dangerous,”
said environmental scientist Alan Robock of Rutgers University,
one of the climate scientists presenting at the meeting.
“The climate change would be unprecedented in human history,
and you can imagine the world … would just shut down.”
Fire and Ice: Melting Glaciers Trigger Earthquakes, Tsunamis and Volcanos - Geologists Say Global Warming Expected to Cause Many New Seismic Events - (2011 - By Larry West, About.com Guide) - Climatologists have been raising alarms about global warming for years, and now geologists are getting into the act, warning that melting glaciers will lead to an increasing number of earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanic eruptions in unexpected places.People in northern climates who have been looking south and shaking their heads sadly over the plight of people living in the path of Atlantic hurricanes and Pacific tsunamis had better get ready for a few seismic events of their own, according to a growing number of prominent geologists. - http://environment.about.com/od/globalwarming/a/earthquakes.htm
Nuclear power report: 14 'near misses' at US plants due to 'lax oversight' - (March 18, 2011 - By Mark Clayton, Staff writer - The Christian Science Monitor) - The Nuclear Regulatory Commission failed to resolve known safety problems, leading to 14 'near-misses' in US nuclear power plants in 2009 and 2010, according to a new report from a nuclear watchdog group. - http://mcaf.ee/de68f
What It's Like Living in Our Nuclear Sacrifice Zone - (March 21, 2011 - The Phoenix Sun / By Valerie Brown - http://tinyurl.com/65f48e8 ) -
The official focus on high short-term doses is deceptive. Emerging science suggests that low doses of radiation exposure can have numerous long-term effects, possibly passed from one generation to the next. And almost all the discussion about – and the scientific research on – radiation exposure focuses on cancers. There are certainly many cancers that radiation can induce in addition to thyroid cancer, from breast and prostate cancer to various leukemias. These cancers are thought to result from energetic particles striking DNA, breaking strands, and interfering with gene replication. Faulty genes lead to faulty cells, is the thinking. But there may also be epigenetic effects – that is, changes in the way normal genes are organized and allowed to function – and these may result in disorders other than cancer, such as thyroid diseases, autoimmune problems, and hormones gone haywire.
To make matters worse, how old you are when you’re exposed makes a big difference too. Prenatal insults including chemical and radiation exposure can create epigenetic patterns of gene expression that will stay with you forever, even if your actual genes are undamaged. And it can take 50 or more years for the timer set in the womb to trip the fuse and trigger a full-blown disease.
In a 2009 review article, Canadian researchers Carmel Mothersill and Colin Seymour of McMaster University nicely expressed the emerging state of knowledge about the effects of low-level radiation exposure:
“Our understanding of the biological effects of low dose exposure has undergone a major paradigm shift….[W]e understand, at least in part, some of the mechanisms which drive low dose effects and which perpetuate these not only in the exposed organism but also in its progeny and in certain cases, its kin. This means that previously held views about safe doses or lack of harmful effects cannot be sustained.”
Turns out that at
. . . Los Alamos National Laboratory [LANL]
nuclear safety issues have been complicated with seismic concerns
as geological studies have uncovered
an increasingly precarious underground structure. . . .
in the late 1990s [faults were] found to run near
and even beneath some LANL nuclear facilities. . . .
A survey found a number of LANL buildings
to be at considerable risk of earthquake-induced collapse.
But this information
. . . was not immediately applied to building siting and design . . . .
"When they set up Los Alamos initially,
they didn't care about these things.
They were looking for an isolated site,"
said [Greg] Mello [of the Los Alamos Study Group],
who has studied seismic issues at the lab since 1996. . . .
"Since then, many people have questioned the wisdom
of putting a plutonium processing facility
and now a nuclear pit manufacturing facility
on the side of a volcano."
How Nuclear Power's "Peaceful Atom" Became a Serial Killer - The nuclear industry is a snake-oil culture of habitual misrepresentation, pervasive wishful thinking, deep denial, and occasional outright deception. - (March 25, 2011 - By Chip Ward - Alternet) - http://tinyurl.com/4tdlxk5
Debut of the First Practical 'Artificial Leaf' - ScienceDaily (Mar. 28, 2011) — Scientists have claimed one of the milestones in the drive for sustainable energy -- development of the first practical artificial leaf. Speaking in Anaheim, California at the 241st National Meeting of the American Chemical Society, they described an advanced solar cell the size of a poker card that mimics the process, called photosynthesis, that green plants use to convert sunlight and water into energy.
"A practical artificial leaf has been one of the Holy Grails of science for decades," said [MIT professor] Daniel Nocera, Ph.D., who led the research team. "We believe we have done it. The artificial leaf shows particular promise as an inexpensive source of electricity for homes of the poor in developing countries. Our goal is to make each home its own power station," he said. "One can envision villages in India and Africa not long from now purchasing an affordable basic power system based on this technology."
The device bears no resemblance to Mother Nature's counterparts on oaks, maples and other green plants, which scientists have used as the model for their efforts to develop this new genre of solar cells. About the shape of a poker card but thinner, the device is fashioned from silicon, electronics and catalysts, substances that accelerate chemical reactions that otherwise would not occur, or would run slowly. Placed in a single gallon of water in a bright sunlight, the device could produce enough electricity to supply a house in a developing country with electricity for a day, Nocera said. It does so by splitting water into its two components, hydrogen and oxygen.
The hydrogen and oxygen gases would be stored in a fuel cell, which uses those two materials to produce electricity, located either on top of the house or beside it. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/03/110327191042.htm
The Space Museum
116 School Street
Bonne Terre, Missourihttp://www.space-mo.org
MASSIVE sand storm in Kuwait - March 27, 2011
(5-min. - YouTube audio/video)
Mississippi River Tales Mural - (From Wikepedia): “The Mississippi River Tales is a mural containing 24 panels covering nearly 18,000 square feet (1,700 m2) of the 15-foot (4.6 m)-high downtown Floodwall in Cape Girardeau, Missouri. It illustrates the history of the area beginning with the Native Americans who inhabited the area between 900 and 1200. Each panel tells a story: Lorimier platting the city in 1793, the transfer of Upper Louisiana from France to the United States in 1804, Missouri gaining statehood in 1821, the coming of the railroad in 1880, the Big Freeze of 1918-19 and the completion of the Emerson Bridge, among many others. The paintings are in a style similar to that of painter Thomas Hart Benton. (Pamela Selbert, Chicago Tribune, November 18, 2007). The mural was painted by Chicago artist Thomas Melvin, in collaboration with several local artists, and was dedicated at a public ceremony on July 7, 2005.” - https://secure.wikimedia.org/wikipedia/en/wiki/Mississippi_River_Tales_Mural
Pickle Springs Natural Area
A National Natural Landmark
(Ste. Genevieve County, Missouri)
Chiricahua National Monument, Arizona - (photos)
History of the Oldsmobile
REO Transportation Museum
(8-1/2 min. YouTube audio/video)
A look inside the Pantheon
America’s Nuclear Nightmare - The U.S. has 31 reactors just like Japan’s — but regulators are ignoring the risks and boosting industry profits - (April 27, 2011 - by Jeff Goodell - Rolling Stone Magazine) - http://mcaf.ee/xarw1
Physicians for Social Responsibility
National Press Club Conference (4/26/11)
The ongoing impact of
the Chernobyl nuclear disaster
to public health
25 years after the accident,
the continuing nuclear catastrophe
in Fukushima, Japan,
and the lessons from both
for U.S. public health and safety.
(52-1/2 min. - YouTube audio/video)
In Harm's Way, But in the Dark - (Sunday, August 8, 1999 - by Joby Warrick, Washington Post Staff Writer) - PADUCAH, Ky. – Thousands of uranium workers were unwittingly exposed to plutonium and other highly radioactive metals here at a federally owned plant where contamination spread through work areas, locker rooms and even cafeterias, a Washington Post investigation has found.
Unsuspecting workers inhaled plutonium-laced dust brought into the plant for 23 years as part of a flawed government experiment to recycle used nuclear reactor fuel at the Paducah Gaseous Diffusion Plant, according to a review of court documents, plant records, and interviews with current and former workers. The government and its contractors did not inform workers about the hazards for decades, even as employees in the 1980s began to notice a string of cancers.
Radioactive contaminants from the plant spilled into ditches and eventually seeped into creeks, a state-owned wildlife area and private wells, documents show. Plant workers contend in sealed court documents that radioactive waste also was deliberately dumped into nearby fields, abandoned buildings and a landfill not licensed for hazardous waste.
The sprawling Kentucky plant on the Ohio River represents an unpublished chapter in the still-unfolding story of radioactive contamination and concealment in the chain of factories across the country that produced America's Cold War nuclear arsenal. - http://mcaf.ee/qsg2n
Taineted uranium, danger widely distributed - (6-24-01 - by Peter Eisler - USA TODAY) - For years, state investigators wondered why radioactive technetium-99 was turning up in drinking water wells near the old Mallinckrodt Chemical uranium fuel-making plant in Hematite, Mo. Now they think they have an answer: The plant was one of several in and around St. Louis where Mallinckrodt and its successors used thousands of tons of recycled uranium to fabricate metallic fuel rods for nuclear reactors. "We believe the contamination we're now seeing at the site is related to the (recycling) program," says Ron Kucera of the Missouri Department of Natural Resources. Plans to clean up extensive pollution from uranium wastes at Hematite are snagged by questions over who is responsible for the technetium. That element requires special disposal because it has a half-life of 213,000 years and moves easily into soil and water. Technetium wasn't expected at Hematite because it is produced only when uranium is irradiated in a nuclear reactor — and Hematite had no reactor. "The Department of Energy has resisted efforts to become involved because even though they may have some liability, they don't want to pay anything," Kucera says. The Hematite facility was part of a nationwide network of private and federally owned plants and labs that produced fuel and other components for the nearly 70,000 U.S. nuclear weapons built before production was phased out in the early 1990s. Many of them used recycled uranium. The recycling began at the dawn of the Cold War. Officials in the weapons program were seeking ways to reuse the costly uranium that was irradiated in nuclear reactors to make plutonium and other fissile explosives for bomb cores. - http://www.usatoday.com/news/poison/2001-06-25-hotnukes.htm
& Coachbuilding -
Auto Body Builders Represented
Absolutely incredible listing of info links
(most, if not all, which included both
text and photos)
of historic carriage, auto and truck builders
Where is all that
Fukushima radiation going,
and why does it matter?
Expert testimony by
Marco Kaltofen, PE,
of the Worcester Polytecnic Institute,
on the long-term hazards
airborne radioactive contaminates
to U.S. citizens.
(17-3/4 min. - audio/video)
The Untold Story
(18 min. - YouTube audio/video)
The Shocking Truth
(5 min. - YouTube audio/video)
The Universal Packing List
Generate a custom packing list
for any journey!
The Art & Science
of Travelling Light
Learn How To
Lighten Your Load
History & Antiques Museum
just west of Grove, Oklahoma
on the shores of
Steep Snowmobile Ride
Goes Terribly Wrong
(5 min. - video)
The Bikenomics Series - (2011) - Bicycle transportation is good for a lot of things—it’s healthy, it’s green, it’s quiet, it’s fun, it builds community. It also makes financial sense, and the magnitude of bicycling’s economic impact gets far less attention than it deserves. In the Bikenomics series, Elly Blue explores the scope of that impact, from personal finance to local economies to the big picture of the national budget. In the grassroots and on a policy level, the bicycle is emerging as an effective engine of economic recovery. - https://www.grist.org/article/series/bikenomics
Renewable energy can power the world, says landmark IPCC study - UN's climate change science body says renewables supply, particularly solar power, can meet global demand - (May 9, 2011 - Fiona Harvey - The Guardian/UK) - http://www.guardian.co.uk/environment/2011/may/09/ipcc-renewable-energy-power-world
Sunlight May Turn Jet Exhaust Into Toxic Particles - (May 11, 2011 - by Janet Raloff - Science News) - Airports can pose a far bigger threat to local air than previously recognized, thanks to the transformative power of sunlight.
In the first on-tarmac measurements of their kind, researchers have shown that oil droplets spewed by idling jet engines can turn into particles tiny enough to readily penetrate the lungs and brain. - http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/05/airplane-exhaust-oil-toxins/
Billboards that target you in real time - (4-30-11 - by Caitlin Petre - The Filter Bubble) - We knew this day would come, if only because we saw Minority Report: A new NYC-based start-up, Immersive Labs, makes outdoor ads that scan your face as you approach and guess your age and gender. Combining this info with data about the weather and nearby social media activity, Immersive’s billboards then serve up the ad most likely to get your attention. They gauge success by measuring how long your eyes linger on the chosen ad. And the system gets smarter with each new passer-by.
While these ads raise obvious privacy concerns, Immersive Labs CEO Jason Sosa told the Huffington Post that they don’t save face-scans or collect any personally identifiable information. Still, one wonders how far companies like Immersive are going to take this. Right now, the ads just scan for age and gender, but might they one day add, say, race or body-mass index to that list? If they can pick up Foursquare and Twitter data, will they soon personalize ads based on data pulled from your mobile phone as you walk by?
Of course, targeted ads are nothing new — we’re used to seeing them pretty much all over the Internet. But Immersive’s ads raise the question: is there something about the very public nature of a billboard that sets it apart from other forms of targeting?
(Caitlin Petre is a PhD student in the Sociology Department at NYU, where she studies how the migration of news to the internet is changing journalistic ethics and practices. Caitlin's writing has appeared in Newsday, Newsweek and the Albuquerque Journal.) - http://www.thefilterbubble.com/billboards-that-target-you-in-real-time
Chemtrail Spray Operations
Captured on Doppler Radar
(7-1/2 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Clearing Out Without Cleaning Up: The US and Vieques Island - (May 21, 2011 - by Josue Melendez, Council on Hemispheric Affairs - Truthout) - Artillery shelling and weapons testing are not usually involved in assessments of environmental damage. However “[v]irtually every conventional and non-conventional weapon used by the U.S. between 1940 and 2003, has been used in Vieques.”5 These weapons containing chemicals and heavy metals have been found to be seriously detrimental to public health. For example, soldiers training on Vieques have reported firing depleted uranium shells, despite being a violation of federal law. Depleted uranium shells give off extremely toxic tiny radioactive particles once they begin to oxidize. These same particles can travel great distances, propelled by wind and water, and once ingested by humans, can expose the host to large doses of radiation. - http://www.truthout.org/print/2349
The climate change threat to nuclear power
Chlorine and Childhood Cancer - ScienceDaily (May 25, 2011) — A significant positive association between the risk of childhood leukemia and levels of chlorine-containing chemicals in the atmosphere has been found by researchers in Portugal. Details are reported in the current issue of the International Journal of Environment and Health. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/05/110525083735.htm
US to store passenger data for 15 years - (May 25, 2011 - Alan Travis - The Guardian/UK) - The personal data of millions of passengers who fly between the US and Europe, including credit card details, phone numbers and home addresses, may be stored by the US department of homeland security for 15 years, according to a draft agreement between Washington and Brussels leaked to the Guardian.
The "restricted" draft, which emerged from negotiations between the US and EU, opens the way for passenger data provided to airlines on check-in to be analysed by US automated data-mining and profiling programmes in the name of fighting terrorism, crime and illegal migration. The Americans want to require airlines to supply passenger lists as near complete as possible 96 hours before takeoff, so names can be checked against terrorist and immigration watchlists.
The agreement acknowledges that there will be occasions when people are delayed or prevented from flying because they are wrongly identified as a threat, and gives them the right to petition for judicial review in the US federal court. It also outlines procedures in the event of anticipated data losses or other unauthorised disclosure. The text includes provisions under which "sensitive personal data" – such as ethnic origin, political opinions, and details of health or sex life – can be used in exceptional circumstances where an individual's life could be imperilled. - http://mcaf.ee/45hui
To Nuclear Waste?
(Part 1 of 6)
(15 min. - YouTube audio/video)
(All 6 parts approx. total: 1 hr & 15 min.)https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=8AWcle6lM_Q
Global Warming Will Bring Violent Storms And Tornadoes, NASA Predicts - ScienceDaily (Aug. 31, 2007) — NASA scientists have developed a new climate model that indicates that the most violent severe storms and tornadoes may become more common as Earth's climate warms. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2007/08/070830105911.htm
Air Quality Worsened by Paved Surfaces: Widespread Urban Development Alters Weather Patterns - ScienceDaily (June 7, 2011) — New research focusing on the Houston area suggests that widespread urban development alters weather patterns in a way that can make it easier for pollutants to accumulate during warm summer weather instead of being blown out to sea.
The international study, led by the National Center for Atmospheric Research (NCAR), could have implications for the air quality of fast-growing coastal cities in the United States and other midlatitude regions overseas. The reason: the proliferation of strip malls, subdivisions, and other paved areas may interfere with breezes needed to clear away smog and other pollution. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110607121137.htm
Nuclear Expert Arnie Gundersen Emphasizes Urgent Need For 50-mile Evacuation Safety Zones Around All Nuclear Facilities - (12-1/2 min. - video) - http://vimeo.com/24704313
(June 8, 2011 - APOD/NASA)
After the page loads do this:
(a) Left-click in the photo
wait for the photo to reload;
(b) Then use the +/- maginifier
and left-click in the reloaded photo
and sharply detailed image.
-- Bike Bob]
Climate Change Poses Greater Risk to Tourism Than Terrorism Does, Experts Argue - ScienceDaily (June 7, 2011) — Climate change poses a greater risk to travellers and the tourism industry than the threat of terrorism. That is the conclusion of a study published in the current issue of the International Journal of Tourism Policy. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/06/110607121041.htm
(1-1/2 min. - YouTube audio/video)
A PR firm working for Dow Chemical
contacted author Anna Lappé
to submit a video for
The Future We Create: The Future of Water,
a web project about
sponsored by Dow Chemical.
This was the video that was rejected.
Particles From Japan to Seattle Virtually Undetectable when Inhaled or
Swallowed - (6-min.
video - June 12, 2011 - by Fairewinds Associates) - Original
estimates of xenon and krypton releases remain the same, but a TEPCO
recalculation shows dramatic increases
in the release of hot particles. This confirms
the results of air filter monitoring by independent scientists. Fairewinds'
Arnie Gundersen explains how hot particles may react in mammals while escaping
traditional detection. Reports of a metallic
taste in the mouth, such as those now being reported in Japan and on the west coast, are a telltale sign of radiation exposure. - http://vimeo.com/25002205
Nebraska Nuclear Plant:
Emergency Level 4
About to Get Worse
(June 14, 2011)
(14-3/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
World's oceans in 'shocking' decline - (June 20, 2011 - The oceans are in a worse state than previously suspected, according to an expert panel of scientists.
In a new report, they warn that ocean life is "at high risk of entering a phase of extinction of marine species unprecedented in human history".
They conclude that issues such as over-fishing, pollution and climate change are acting together in ways that have not previously been recognised.
The impacts, they say, are already affecting humanity.
The panel was convened by the International Programme on the State of the Ocean (IPSO), and brought together experts from different disciplines, including coral reef ecologists, toxicologists, and fisheries scientists.
Its report will be formally released later this week.
"The findings are shocking," said Alex Rogers, IPSO's scientific director and professor of conservation biology at Oxford University.
"As we considered the cumulative effect of what humankind does to the oceans, the implications became far worse than we had individually realised. - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-13796479
Climate of Denial - Can science and the truth withstand the merchants of poison? - (June 22, 2011 - by Al Gore - Rolling Stone) - …the record droughts, fires, floods and mudslides continue to increase in severity and frequency. Leading climate scientists like Jim Hansen and Kevin Trenberth now say that events like these would almost certainly not be occurring without the influence of man-made global warming. ….
Many of the extreme and destructive events are the result of the rapid increase in the amount of heat energy from the sun that is trapped in the atmosphere, which is radically disrupting the planet's water cycle. More heat energy evaporates more water into the air, and the warmer air holds a lot more moisture. This has huge consequences that we now see all around the world.
When a storm unleashes a downpour of rain or snow, the precipitation does not originate just in the part of the sky directly above where it falls. Storms reach out — sometimes as far as 2,000 miles — to suck in water vapor from large areas of the sky, including the skies above oceans, where water vapor has increased by four percent in just the last 30 years. (Scientists often compare this phenomenon to what happens in a bathtub when you open the drain; the water rushing out comes from the whole tub, not just from the part of the tub directly above the drain. And when the tub is filled with more water, more goes down the drain. In the same way, when the warmer sky is filled with a lot more water vapor, there are bigger downpours when a storm cell opens the "drain.")
In many areas, these bigger downpours also mean longer periods between storms — at the same time that the extra heat in the air is also drying out the soil. That is part of the reason so many areas have been experiencing both record floods and deeper, longer-lasting droughts. - http://www.rollingstone.com/politics/news/climate-of-denial-20110622
Spaceweather - News and Information about the Sun-Earth environment
St. Louis County
Ulysses S. Grant Museum
(8-1/4 min - YouTube audio/video)
St. Louis Art Museum
(8 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Greenpeace takes on Monsanto over 'pesticides arms race' - (June 30, 2011 - by Tom Levitt - Ecologist) - Main ingredient of Monsanto's Roundup weed killer is being linked to cancer, birth defects and Parkinson's disease and should be banned, according to campaigners behind new report
The use of the
popular weedkiller, 'Roundup', in public parks and on agricultural crops is a danger to public health, according to a
new analysis of scientific evidence.
One of the main ingredients of Roundup, as well as several other herbicides, is a chemical known as glyphosate. A review of academic research, conducted by Greenpeace and the anti-GM campaign group GM Freeze, suggests exposure to it can cause cancer, hormonal imbalance, birth defects and neurological illnesses including Parkinson's.
The glyphosate within weedkiller can also be damaging to wildlife and rivers, when it spreads through the soil and into watercourses with run-off.
As the Ecologist reported recently, the pesticide industry and regulators have been accused of repeatedly misleading the public with claims that glyphosate is safe.
In reality, academic studies including one commissioned by one of the main manufacturers Monsanto, showed as long ago as the 1980s that glyphosate caused birth defects in laboratory animals. - http://tinyurl.com/6hqjyo4
Climate Change Could Turn Oxygen-Free Seas from Blessing to Curse for Zooplankton - ScienceDaily (July 1, 2011) — Tiny marine organisms called zooplankton can use specialized adaptations that allow them to hide from predators in areas of the ocean where oxygen levels are so low that almost nothing can survive, but they may run into trouble as these areas expand due to climate change.…oxygen minimum zones are predicted to expand into shallower waters as global warming continues, which will force the zooplankton into a narrow band of water during the night and making them susceptible to their main predators -- fish. If this causes a population crash in these animals, it will have impacts all the way up the food chain. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110701121530.htm
Warming Ocean Layers Will Undermine Polar Ice Sheets, Climate Models Show - ScienceDaily (July 3, 2011) — Warming of the ocean's subsurface layers will melt underwater portions of the Greenland and Antarctic ice sheets faster than previously thought, according to new University of Arizona-led research. Such melting would increase the sea level more than already projected. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110703133838.htm
‘Cling-Film’ Solar Cells Could Lead to Advance in Renewable Energy - ScienceDaily (July 4, 2011) — A scientific advance in renewable energy which promises a revolution in the ease and cost of using solar cells, has been announced on July 4, 2011. A new study shows that even when using very simple and inexpensive manufacturing methods -- where flexible layers of material are deposited over large areas like cling-film -- efficient solar cell structures can be made.
The study, published in the journal Advanced Energy Materials, paves the way for new solar cell manufacturing techniques and the promise of developments in renewable solar energy. ….
Plastic (polymer) solar cells are much cheaper to produce than conventional silicon solar cells and have the potential to be produced in large quantities. The study showed that when complex mixtures of molecules in solution are spread onto a surface, like varnishing a table-top, the different molecules separate to the top and bottom of the layer in a way that maximises the efficiency of the resulting solar cell.
Dr Andrew Parnell of the University of Sheffield said, "Our results give important insights into how ultra-cheap solar energy panels for domestic and industrial use can be manufactured on a large scale. Rather than using complex and expensive fabrication methods to create a specific semiconductor nanostructure, high volume printing could be used to produce nano-scale (60 nano-meters) films of solar cells that are over a thousand times thinner than the width of a human hair. These films could then be used to make cost-effective, light and easily transportable plastic solar cell devices such as solar panels." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110704082656.htm
Climate Change Forces Early Spring - ScienceDaily (July 6, 2011) — Spring is hailed as the season of rebirth, but if it comes too early, it can threaten the plants it is meant to welcome. A University of Alberta study shows that climate change over the past 70 years has pushed some of the province's native wildflowers and trees into earlier blooming times, making them more vulnerable to damaging frosts, and ultimately, threatening reproduction. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110706134145.htm
Chemtrails Hit Big Time
PYX 106 in Albany, NY
(10-3/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Spewing Gamma Rays
Into Traffic on I-270
in Saint Louis, Missouri
(1-1/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Radiation: A Slow Death. - (3 min. - YouTube audio/video) - This film documents the lives of these sufferers including Iraqi children irradiated by the use of depleted uranium ammunition during the Gulf War, American farmers living near the Hanford plutonium factory in Washington state, and survivors of Hiroshima and Nagasaki. Though separated by time and space, their common peril delivers a strong message to the contemporary world - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=s3JuSAg0b6A
Fukushima Can Happen Here: What the NRC and Nuclear Industry Don't Want You to
Know - (52 min. -
video) - (July 10, 2011 - by Fairewinds
Associates) - The well-known
safety flaws of Mark 1 Boiling Water Reactors have gained significant attention
in the wake of the four reactor accidents at Fukushima, but a more insidious
danger lurks. In this video nuclear
engineers Arnie Gundersen and David Lochbaum discuss how the US regulators and
regulatory process have left Americans unprotected. They walk,
step-by-step, through the events of the Japanese meltdowns and consider how the
knowledge gained from Fukushima applies to the nuclear industry worldwide. They discuss "points of
vulnerability" in American plants, some of which have been unaddressed by
the NRC for three decades. Finally, they concluded that an accident with the
consequences of Fukushima could happen in the US.
With more radioactive Cesium in the Pilgrim Nuclear Plant's spent fuel pool than was released by Fukushima, Chernobyl, and all nuclear bomb testing combined, Gundersen and Lockbaum ask why there is not a single procedure in place to deal with a crisis in the fuel pool? These and more safety questions are discussed in this forum presented by the C-10 Foundation at the Boston Public Library. - http://vimeo.com/26231562
New Way to Store Sun's Heat - ScienceDaily (July 13, 2011) — A novel application of carbon nanotubes, developed by MIT researchers, shows promise as an innovative approach to storing solar energy for use whenever it's needed. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110713121301.htm
Bold New Approach to Wind 'Farm' Design May Provide Efficiency Gains - ScienceDaily (July 13, 2011) — Conventional wisdom suggests that because we're approaching the theoretical limit on individual wind turbine efficiency, wind energy is now a mature technology. But California Institute of Technology researchers revisited some of the fundamental assumptions that guided the wind industry for the past 30 years, and now believe that a new approach to wind farm design -- one that places wind turbines close together instead of far apart -- may provide significant efficiency gains. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110713131644.htm
Soil Microbes Accelerate Global Warming - ScienceDaily (July 13, 2011) — More carbon dioxide in the atmosphere causes soil to release the potent greenhouse gases methane and nitrous oxide, new research published in this week's edition of Nature reveals. "This feedback to our changing atmosphere means that nature is not as efficient in slowing global warming as we previously thought," said Dr Kees Jan van Groenigen, Research Fellow at the Botany department at the School of Natural Sciences, Trinity College Dublin, and lead author of the study. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110713131423.htm
Diesel Fumes Pose Risk to Heart as Well as Lungs, Study Shows - ScienceDaily (July 14, 2011) — Tiny chemical particles emitted by diesel exhaust fumes could raise the risk of heart attacks, research has shown. Scientists have found that ultrafine particles produced when diesel burns are harmful to blood vessels and can increase the chances of blood clots forming in arteries, leading to a heart attack or stroke. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/07/110713211942.htm
Dos and Don'ts:
Eating Raw Crawfish
(4-1/2 min. - video)
Nuclear safety at
(17-3/4 min. - video)
(July 15, 2011 - Need To Know/PBS)http://mcaf.ee/r1mc3
Fukushima-type disaster inevitable in U.S.? - (6-3/4 min. - video) - (July 19, 2011 - by Armen Keteyian - CBS News) - Highlights a nuclear industry whistleblower - http://www.cbsnews.com/stories/2011/07/19/earlyshow/main20080633.shtml
Radioactive Fallout in Saint Louis Missouri
(1-3/4-min. - YouTube audio/video)
360-Degree Spherical Panoramas In and Around Utah - Utah, in full surround 360-degree interactive panoramas. It's the next best thing to being there. Click on any preview to open a panorama, then click and drag in any direction, including up and down. - http://www.utah3d.net/
The Worst Diseases You Can Catch Underground - (July 20, 2011 - by Danielle Venton - Wired Science) - Like all sports that appeal to the extreme set, caving is risky. Beyond slips, falls and scrapes, spelunkers chance a host of rare, nasty diseases from cave critters, such as histoplasmosis, rabies, leptospirosis, and tick-borne relapsing fever.
Though most underground explorers understand the need for good ropes and headlamps, fewer think about the diseases they can catch beneath the surface, said Ricardo Pereira Igreja, a doctor and professor of infectious disease in Brazil.
“People all over the world now are exploring caves for the nature and ecology. For some it’s very spiritual,” said Igreja, of the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. “I think that’s good, but it does come with some threat.”
For a casual tourist, like the 500,000 annual visitors to Carlsbad Caverns National Park in New Mexico, walking through a cave is essentially as safe as walking down the street. It is the sport cavers, those who crawl through muck and mud into little-explored crevices, that must protect themselves from things living on bats, rodents, ticks and other bugs, Igreja said.
Tundra Fires Could Accelerate Climate Warming - ScienceDaily (July 27, 2011) — After a 10,000-year absence, wildfires have returned to the Arctic tundra, and a University of Florida study shows that their impact could extend far beyond the areas blackened by flames.
In a pine forest, fire would burn up leaf litter on the ground, but not the soil beneath. Because the Arctic tundra has a carbon-rich, peaty soil, however, the ground itself is combustible, and when the fire recedes, some of the soil is gone. In a double whammy, the vulnerable permafrost is not only more exposed, but also covered by blackened ground, which absorbs more of the sun's heat and could accelerate thawing.
First Measurements of Harmful Haloacetic Acids in Urine of Swimmers and Pool Workers - ScienceDaily (July 27, 2011) — The first scientific measurements in humans show that potentially harmful haloacetic acids (HAAs) appear in the urine of swimmers within 30 minutes after exposure to chlorinated water where HAAs form as a byproduct of that water disinfection method. Reported in the ACS journal Environmental Science & Technology, the study found that HAAs also appeared in the urine of swimming pool workers. - http://mcaf.ee/ef6p4
Fukushima Radiation 1,000 Times H-Bomb Peak - (August 2nd, 2011 - by Bob Nichols - Veterans Today) - (San Francisco) – Dr. Chris Busby, world famous physicist, said tests run at the respected Harwell Radiation Laboratory in England demonstrate the airborne radiation in Japan is 1,000 times higher than radioactive “fallout” at the peak in 1963 of H-Bomb detonations by the nuclear powers. The calculations were on radioactive Cesium 137. - http://mcaf.ee/5bme9
on Aug 6, 2011
(3-3/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
The Fastest Living
on the Planet!
(5 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Antimatter belt around Earth discovered by Pamela craft - (August 7, 2011 - BBC News) - A thin band of antimatter particles called antiprotons enveloping the Earth has been spotted for the first time. - http://mcaf.ee/axfwl
Ethanol-Loving Bacteria Accelerate Cracking of Pipeline Steels - ScienceDaily (Aug. 3, 2011) — U.S. production of ethanol for fuel has been rising quickly, topping 13 billion gallons in 2010. With the usual rail, truck and barge transport methods under potential strain, existing gas pipelines might be an efficient alternative for moving this renewable fuel around the country. But researchers at the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) caution that ethanol, and especially the bacteria sometimes found in it, can dramatically degrade pipelines.
At a conference this week,* NIST researchers presented new experimental evidence that bacteria that feed on ethanol and produce acid boosted fatigue crack growth rates by at least 25 times the levels occuring in air alone.
The NIST team used a new biofuels test facility to evaluate fatigue-related cracking in two common pipeline steels immersed in ethanol mixtures, including simulated fuel-grade ethanol and an ethanol-water solution containing common bacteria, Acetobacter aceti. Ethanol and bacteria are known to cause corrosion, but this is the first study of their effects on fatigue cracking of pipeline steels. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/08/110803102856.htm
(42 sec. - YouTube audio/video)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=RYq-4nLPuYY&feature=player_embedded
We've Entered the Age of Mass Extinction: Goodbye Fish and a Whole Lot
More - (August 8, 2011 - by Scott Thill - AlterNet) - Paleontologist Peter Ward talks about the threats from global warming, rising population and our own plain stupidity. - http://mcaf.ee/803hr
Human Pathogen Killing Corals in the Florida Keys - ScienceDaily (Aug. 17, 2011) — A research team from Rollins College in
Florida and the University of Georgia has identified
human sewage as the source of the coral-killing pathogen that causes white pox
disease of Caribbean elkhorn coral. Once the most common coral in the
Caribbean, elkhorn coral was listed for protection under the United States
Endangered Species Act in 2006, largely due to white pox disease.
Poop And Paddle
(4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
(8-19-2001 - Science Friday/NPR)
the China Syndrome?
(8 min. - YouTube audio/video)
178 X Background Radiation
in Saint Louis Missouri Rain
(1-1/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
(11 min. - YouTube audio/video)
(And Chernobyl) Now Radiating Everyone: 'Unspeakable' Reality 'Will Impact All Of Humanity' -
(13 min. - YouTube audio/video) - Australia's CBS exposed the
"unspeakable" realities of the Japanese catastrophe in its 60 Minutes
program Sunday night during which leading nuclear scientist Dr. Michio Kaku
from Fukushima will impact all of humanity.
The nuclear energy power industry violation of the right to health is apparent
throughout the new Australian report.
"In fact the whole world will be exposed from the radiation from Fukushima," Dr. Kaku told CBS reporter Liz Hayes. - http://mcaf.ee/a95de
Laser beams could be used to create rain - (Aug. 31, 2011 - by Nick Collins - The Telegraph/UK) - Firing laser beams into humid air could give scientists control over when and where rain falls, a new study claims.
Researchers from the University of Geneva used lasers to create water droplets in the air, in a development which could eventually lead to man-made weather systems.
Although the technique, known as laser-assisted water condensation, does not work in dry air scientists were able to generate the droplets in very humid conditions over the Rhône river in Switzerland.
The drops created – just thousandths of a millimetre across – were nowhere near heavy enough to fall as rain but the experts hope that by making them hundreds of times larger they will be able to create or prevent rainfall in the right conditions.
The method works by firing laser beams into the air, creating nitric acid particles which draw water molecules together and stop them from evaporating, according to a study in the Nature Communications journal. - http://mcaf.ee/ap2ed
12,000 Years Old Unexplained Structure - (8-1/4 min. - YouTube audio/video) - Göbekli Tepe, is a hilltop sanctuary erected on the highest point of an elongated mountain ridge some 15 km northeast of the town of Şanlıurfa, in southeastern Turkey and 500 miles away from Istanbul, Turkey. It is the most astonishing archaeological discovery in modern times and also thought to be the oldest advanced civilization on Earth. - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Xo0ZkgqM1TE&feature=related
(6 min. - YouTube audio/video)
(“Living St. Louis” - KETC9/PBS)
St. Louis County
Laumeier Sculpture Park
(5-1/2 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Features live B.B.
Blues musical intro
(“Living St. Louis” - KETC9/PBS)
(10 min. - YouTube audio/video)
(“Living St. Louis” - KETC9/PBS)
The Island Snake Lady
(9 min. - YouTube audio/video)
in our Food!
(10-3/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=We50AVrTMk8
Patee House Museum - St. Joseph, Missouri
Glore Psychiatric Museum - St. Joseph, Missouri
Crop Circles: The Hidden Truth - (Trailer) - (4 min. - YouTube audio/video) - (w/additional 6-parts Total time: 60 min.) - Richard D. Hall's no nonsense expose of the facts behind the modern day crop circle phenomenon cuts through the pseudo science, the rumours and the disinformation leaving the viewer with a clear picture of the true situation. The film features the most objective British crop circle researchers in the business: David Cayton, Robert Hulse and Roy Dutton. Until now, their work has been kept largely out of the public eye, and is unleashed in this extremely telling and poignant documentary which leaves no stone unturned. The evidence presented will leave you in no doubt that there are two entirely exclusive instigators of the modern day crop circle phenomenon, one of which is non human. The results are chilling and could change your view of the way you see the world's media organisations and the powers that control them. - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=FkEQsjD9Ra0&feature=player_embedded
Seagulls: Pooping Resistant Bacteria on Your Beach - (Sept. 17, 2011 - by Maryn McKenna - Wired) - Resistance factors — the mutations that allows bacteria to defend themselves against the attack of antibiotics — spread around the world in unpredictable patterns with remarkable speed. How do they do that?
A team of researchers suggested Saturday that seagulls might be to blame. - http://www.wired.com/wiredscience/2011/09/seagulls-resistant-poop/
Sperm and salamanders: A troubling connection - (Feb. 3, 2008 - by Jeffrey Bonner - ST. LOUIS ZOO)
you're a young man — say a twentysomething — or you know a young man in that
age range, it's a pretty safe bet that he's half the man his grandfather was.
That's about how much sperm counts have fallen in industrialized nations over
the last 50 years.
When the first definitive study of declining sperm counts was published in the British Medical Journal in 1992, it caused quite a furor. Studies since then have shown that sperm counts are continuing their steady decline, though not at the same rate everywhere. In Minneapolis, for example, the sperm counts are dropping fairly slowly.
But in rural Missouri, they're going down more rapidly.
I find this a little scary. I'm not just worried for my son, a twentysomething who lives in rural Missouri, but also for me. Sperm counts aren't falling because guys are wearing underwear that's too tight or spending too much time in the hot tub, although those two things certainly can cause sperm counts to drop. I'm worried because industrialized nations all over the world are experiencing something that is causing a clear deterioration in our overall health.
You Really Need
(7 min. - YouTube audio/video)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3MUNVuMkHh8&feature=related
Nanoparticles Cause Brain Injury in Fish - ScienceDaily (Sep. 18, 2011) — Scientists at the University of Plymouth have shown, for the first time in an animal, that nanoparticles have a detrimental effect on the brain and other parts of the central nervous system.
They subjected rainbow trout to titanium oxide nanoparticles which are widely used as a whitening agent in many products including paints, some personal care products, and with applications being considered for the food industry. They found that the particles caused vacuoles (holes) to form in parts of the brain and for nerve cells in the brain to die. Although some effects of nanoparticles have been shown previously in cell cultures and other in vitro systems this is the first time it has been confirmed in a live vertebrate.The results will be presented at the "6th International meeting on the Environmental Effects on Nanoparticles and Nanomaterials" (21st -- 23rd September) at the Royal Society in London. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110919074256.htm
Loss of 'Lake Lawnmowers' Leads to Algae Blooms - ScienceDaily (Sep. 28, 2011) — Unprecedented algae growth in some lakes could be linked to the decline of water calcium levels and the subsequent loss of an important algae-grazing organism that helps keep blooms at bay.
Daphnia -- also known as water fleas -- act like microscopic lawnmowers in lakes, feeding on algae and keeping it in check. However, without sufficient calcium, these water fleas cannot reproduce.
"When water calcium levels get low and Daphnia populations decrease in any lake, algal growth goes unchecked and blooms can occur," says lead author and biology doctoral student Jennifer Korosi. "Losing an important grazer like these water fleas has a domino effect that leads to other water quality problems."
Declining calcium concentrations in some lakes, which is linked to acid deposition and logging, has only recently been identified as a serious environmental problem in North America and Europe. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/09/110928125420.htm
Severe Drought, Other Changes Can Cause Permanent Ecosystem Disruption - ScienceDaily (Oct. 13, 2011) — An eight-year study has concluded that increasingly frequent and severe drought, dropping water tables and dried-up springs have pushed some aquatic desert ecosystems into "catastrophic regime change," from which many species will not recover.
The findings, just published in the journal Freshwater Biology, raise concerns that climate change, over-pumping of aquifers for urban water use, and land management may permanently affect which species can survive.
"Populations that have persisted for hundreds or thousands of years are now dying out," said David Lytle, an associate professor of zoology at Oregon State University. "Springs that used to be permanent are drying up. Streams that used to be perennial are now intermittent. And species that used to rise and fall in their populations are now disappearing." - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111013135252.htm
Polar Bears Ill from Accumulated Environmental Toxins - ScienceDaily (Oct. 13, 2011) — Industrial chemicals are being transported from the
industrialized world to the Arctic via air and sea currents. Here, the cocktail
of environmental toxins is absorbed by the sea's food chains, of which the
polar bear is the top predator. - http://mcaf.ee/v5bsz
(2-3/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Energy Efficient Homes
Made From Hemp
in Ashville, NC
(2 min. - YouTube audio/video)
It’s a Really
(2 min. - YouTube audio/video)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=58fs5yI8K9I&NR=1
Home Washing Machines: Source of Potentially Harmful Ocean 'Microplastic' Pollution - ScienceDaily (Oct. 20, 2011) — Scientists are reporting that household washing machines seem to be a major source of so-called "microplastic" pollution -- bits of polyester and acrylic smaller than the head of a pin -- that they now have detected on ocean shorelines worldwide.
Their report describing this potentially harmful material appears in ACS' journal Environmental Science & Technology.Mark Browne and colleagues explain that the accumulation of microplastic debris in marine environments has raised health and safety concerns.
The bits of plastic contain potentially harmful ingredients which go into the bodies of animals and could be transferred to people who consume fish. Ingested microplastic can transfer and persist into their cells for months. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111020024836.htm
Extreme Melting On Greenland Ice Sheet, Team Reports; Glacial Melt Cycle Could Become Self-Amplifying - ScienceDaily (Oct. 25, 2011) — The Greenland ice sheet can experience extreme melting even when temperatures don't hit record highs, according to a new analysis by Dr. Marco Tedesco, assistant professor in the Department of Earth and Atmospheric Sciences at The City College of New York. His findings suggest that glaciers could undergo a self-amplifying cycle of melting and warming that would be difficult to halt. - http://mcaf.ee/aw0k8
The War Against Climate Science Unravels - (October 26, 2011 - by Kelly Rigg - by the Huffington Post) - For those who have ever put the skeptic arguments to the test, it has always been clear that their criticisms rarely stand up to even the most basic level of academic rigor. But last week's release of the Berkeley Earth Surface Temperature (BEST) study delivered a decisive blow to the edifice of climate skepticism.
The key skeptic pillar, summarized by arch skeptic Anthony Watts, has always been this: "How do we know if global warming is a problem if we can't trust the temperature record?"
His 2009 study of US weather monitoring stations argued that many were located in areas where temperatures were likely to be higher than in surrounding areas, suggesting that estimates of warming were exaggerated. So the BEST study, partly funded by the climate denial industry, was undoubtedly meant to corroborate Watt's fundamental tenet.Instead, the BEST study confirmed quite the opposite -- that rapid warming trends found by previous studies of climate change are in fact correct. - http://www.commondreams.org/view/2011/10/26-7
21°31'03.97" S 41°56'31.80" W - MARS TRACK SYSTEM & WATER - Report #208 - (October 2, 2011 - by Joseph P. Skipper - Mars Anomaly Research) - [IMPORTANT NOTE: You can see the "track system" on Mars directly for yourself via a copy-&-paste of the initial coordinates into the Google Mars search bar; then zoom in farther down to the surface of Mars to see the evidence for yourself. The straight-as-an-arrow tracks extend for a distance of 60 miles on the surface of Mars; each dual-set of tracks are are one-half mile apart from the next set! Whoever -- OR, whatever -- made those tracks is uknown. HOWEVER, they are DEFINITELY NOT the result of a natural geologic process! --- To use Google Mars...simply click on the Saturn-like icon in the top toolbar in Google Earth and then choose the "Mars" option from the resulting drop-down list. -- Bike Bob] - http://www.marsanomalyresearch.com/evidence-reports/2011/208/tracks-n-water.htm
This Much Mercury . . . How the coal industry poisoned your tuna sandwich - (Nov/Dec, 2011 - By Dashka Slater - Sierra magazine)
While there is always going to be some mercury in the environment—it occurs naturally in the earth's crust and can be released into the air during forest fires or volcanic eruptions—70 percent of what we're exposed to comes from human activities, and most of that comes from burning coal.
U.S. coal-fired power plants pump more than 48 tons of mercury into the air each year. The Martin Lake Power Plant in Tatum, Texas, spews 2,660 pounds per annum all on its own (it burns lignite, a particularly mercury-heavy form of coal). Compared with the vast amounts of mercury churning out of Asia, the U.S. contribution is fairly small—about 3 percent of the global total. Roughly a third of our emissions settles within our borders, poisoning lakes and waterways. The rest cycles through the atmosphere, with much of it eventually winding up in the world's oceans.
…. But when inorganic mercury creeps into aquatic sediments and marshes (as well as mid-depths of oceans), bacteria convert it into methylmercury, an organic form that not only is easily assimilated but also accumulates in living tissue as it moves up the food chain: The bigger and older the fish, the more mercury in its meat. It takes only a tiny amount to do serious damage: One-seventieth of a teaspoon can pollute a 20-acre lake to the point where its fish are unsafe to eat. Thousands of tons a year settle in the world's oceans, where they bioaccumulate in carnivorous fish. Forty percent of human mercury exposure comes from a single source—Pacific tuna.
"Ninety-five to 100 percent of the methylmercury that we acquire in our bodies comes from the consumption of seafood," explains Stony Brook University professor Nicholas Fisher, director of the Consortium for Interdisciplinary Environmental Research, which oversees the (newly endowed) Gelfond Fund for Mercury Research and Education. (Seafood, in this case, includes fish from lakes and rivers.) When EPA researchers tested predatory and bottom-dwelling fish at 500 U.S. lakes and reservoirs in 2009, they found mercury in each and every one; close to half of the fish had levels so high they were unsafe to eat. Another 2009 study, by the U.S. Geological Survey, found mercury-contaminated fish in each of the 291 streams and rivers tested. Mercury pollution causes U.S. waters to be closed to fishing more often than does any other source of contamination. - http://www.sierraclub.org/sierra/201111/mercury.aspx
Nuclear Disaster in the US: How Bechtel Is Botching the World's Costliest Environmental Cleanup - (October 21, 2011 - - Seattle Weekly ) - Department of Energy scientists are alleging catastrophic mismanagement of massive cleanup efforts at Hanford, the former nuclear weapons outpost. - http://mcaf.ee/loi7w
Increased Use of Bikes for Commuting Offers Economic, Health Benefits - ScienceDaily (Nov. 2, 2011) — Cutting out short auto trips and replacing them with mass transit and active transport would yield major health benefits, according to a study just published in the scientific journal Environmental Health Perspectives.
The biggest health benefit was due to replacing half of the short trips with bicycle trips during the warmest six months of the year, saving about $3.8 billion per year from avoided mortality and reduced health care costs for conditions like obesity and heart disease.
The report calculated that these measures would save an estimated $7 billion, including 1,100 lives each year from improved air quality and increased physical fitness.Moving five-mile round trips from cars to bikes is a win-win situation that is often ignored in discussions of transportation alternatives, says Jonathan Patz, director of the Global Health Institute at the University of Wisconsin-Madison. "We talk about the cost of changing energy systems, the cost of alternative fuels, but we seldom talk about this kind of benefit," he says. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/11/111102082804.htm
Natural History Museum Vienna
(6-1/2 min. YouTube audio/video)
Nanoparticles Used as Additives in Diesel Fuels Can Travel from Lungs to Liver - ScienceDaily (Nov. 17, 2011) — Recent studies conducted at Marshall University have demonstrated that nanoparticles of cerium oxide -- common diesel fuel additives used to increase the fuel efficiency of automobile engines -- can travel from the lungs to the liver and that this process is associated with liver damage.The data in the study by Dr. Eric R. Blough and his colleagues at Marshall's Center for Diagnostic Nanosystems indicate there is a dose-dependent increase in the concentration of cerium in the liver of animals that had been exposed to the nanoparticles, which are only about 1/40,000 times as large as the width of a human hair. These increases in cerium were associated with elevations of liver enzymes in the blood and histological evidence consistent with liver damage. The research was published in the October 13 issue of the peer-reviewed research journal International Journal of Nanomedicine. - http://mcaf.ee/ewra6
World's Most Dangerous
(4 min. - YouTube video)
Medical Marijuana Laws Reduce Traffic Deaths, Preliminary Research Suggests - ScienceDaily (Nov. 29, 2011) — A groundbreaking new study shows that laws legalizing medical marijuana have resulted in a nearly nine percent drop in traffic deaths and a five percent reduction in beer sales.
"Our research suggests that the legalization of medical marijuana reduces traffic fatalities through reducing alcohol consumption by young adults," said Daniel Rees, professor of economics at the University of Colorado Denver who co-authored the study with D. Mark Anderson, assistant professor of economics at Montana State University.
The researchers collected data from a variety of sources including the National Survey on Drug Use and Health, the Behavioral Risk Factor Surveillance System, and the Fatality Analysis Reporting System.
The study is the first to examine the relationship between the legalization of medical marijuana and traffic deaths.
More Boxcars Mean Cleaner Air - ScienceDaily (Dec. 8, 2011) — Shifting a fraction of truck-borne freight onto trains would have an outsized impact on air quality in the Midwest, according to researchers at the University of Wisconsin-Madison.
Much of that impact boils down to simple efficiency, according to Erica Bickford, a graduate student in UW-Madison's Nelson Institute for Environmental Studies. For each ton they carry, long-distance trucks go about 150 miles on a gallon of diesel fuel. Trains can move a ton more than 400 miles per gallon.Shifting from road to rail 500 million tons of the freight passing through or to the Midwest would make a large dent in the carbon dioxide spilled into the air by the movement of goods. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/12/111208173716.htm
The Bed Bug Registry - A free, public database of user-submitted bed bug reports from across the United States and Canada. Founded in 2006, the site has collected about 20,000 reports covering 12,000 locations.
The Bed Bug Registry exists to give travelers and renters a reliable and neutral platform for reporting their encounters with bed bugs. Though most Americans have still never come across one, these retro pests are spreading extremely quickly across American and Canadian cities.
Bed bugs are easy to transport in luggage and very hard to get rid of. For this reason they have become an especial nuisance for hotels, dorms, hospitals, movie theaters, libraries, and other public spaces. You can't tell whether a building or hotel room has them based on cleanliness - the bugs can thrive anywhere there are cracks and crevices to hide in.Until a reliable, safe pesticide becomes available, avoiding bed bug encounters will be the only reliable way to ensure they don't spread into your own home. - http://www.bedbugregistry.com/
Does Airport Security Really Make Us Safer? - (December 20, 2011 - By Charles C. Mann - Vanity Fair) - As you stand in endless lines this holiday season, here’s a comforting thought: all those security measures accomplish nothing, at enormous cost. That’s the conclusion of Charles C. Mann, who put the T.S.A. to the test with the help of one of America’s top security experts. - http://www.vanityfair.com/culture/features/2011/12/tsa-insanity-201112
Biologists Find 'Surprising' Number of Unknown Viruses in Sewage - ScienceDaily (Oct. 5, 2011) — Though viruses are the most abundant life form on Earth, our knowledge of the viral universe is limited to a tiny fraction of the viruses that likely exist. In a paper published in the online journal mBio, researchers from the University of Pittsburgh, Washington University in St. Louis, and the University of Barcelona found that raw sewage is home to thousands of novel, undiscovered viruses, some of which could relate to human health. - http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2011/10/111005172651.htm
The Dust Library - (January 3, 2012 - by Kate Douglas - New Scientist) - So what can this unusual library tell us? First, there is the simple parts list. The most common component was organic material, present in 40 of the 63 particles - exactly what is unclear, but it could be anything from pollen to sloughed-off bits of researcher. Quartz, found in 34 particles, came next, followed by carbonates (17 particles) and gypsum (14). "The minerals blow in," says Coe. "They come from all over the world." Other ingredients included air pollutants and fertiliser chemicals.Anyone counting will also have noticed that there are already more components than particles. That is because most specks of dust are conglomerates, which means they may take an infinite variety of forms, much like snowflakes. - http://mcaf.ee/squw6
End of the Rail and Start of the MailThe first trip of the Butterfield Overland Mail originated in Tipton [Missouri] on September 16, 1858, from what is now the corner of Moniteau Street and Osage Avenue in downtown Tipton, Missouri. In early 1857, the Post Office Department had put up for bids a contract which called for an overland mail route to California which would not exceed a time of 25 days and would run twice a week. John Butterfield was awarded the contract for $600,000. By September, 1858, he had 250 coaches, 1,800 of the best horses and mules, and 1,200 skilled superintendents, road bosses, drivers, guards, conductors, keepers, blacksmiths, harness makers, hostlers and clerks. Each driver had a 60-mile route, and armed conductors had 120-mile routes. The conductors had absolute charge of passengers and mail, and guarded them with their lives. Passenger fare from St. Louis to San Francisco was $200, and 15 cents a mile for shorter distances. The last trip from Tipton was made on March 21, 1861. Attacks by Indians forced the closing of the Gila Trail. Other trails were now in operation and the railroad lines had been extended beyond Tipton. A roadside marker commemorates Tipton as the first eastern stagecoach terminus of the Butterfield Overland Mail. It is located on Highway 50 west of the intersection of Highways 5 and 50. - http://mcaf.ee/yc6l2
Great Rivers Greenway works to make the area bicycle friendly - (January 5, 2012 - by Ryan Schuessler - St. Louis Beacon) - http://tinyurl.com/7v67d9p --- [NOTE: The following is one of the online response posts to this article; the response is right on target!!! -- Bike Bob]:
Nick Kasoff 2012-01-05 13:06
I'm a frequent cyclist who uses
my bicycle to go places and do things. I ride to clients, to the grocery store,
to the bank - wherever. And I really
hate what Trailnet & Company are doing, because it makes me less welcome on
the very roads I'm using today. Across
the region, they push bike lanes, which you might as well call bike ghettos.
And they advocate sharrows, which are almost always put right at the edge of
traffic lanes, where it is dangerous to ride.
State law already provides me with a very useful network of bike lanes: The lanes in which the rest of you drive your cars also serve me quite well. I use them safely and comfortably, and with the exception of an occasional hostile or inattentive motorist, without incident. Pushing me onto bike lanes, a "separate and unequal" place, is a big step in the wrong direction.
Extreme Ice Loss
(19 min. - YouTube audio/video)
"Icicle of Death"
Filmed in Antarctica
(1-3/4 min. - video)
(5-1/2 min. - video)
(1-1/2 min. - video)
(4-1/2 min. video)
(Jan. 27, 2012 - CNN)
Drive-by Scanning: Officials Expand Use and Dose of Radiation for Security Screening - (Jan. 27, 2012 - by Michael Grabell - ProPublica) - U.S. law enforcement agencies are exposing people to radiation in more settings and in increasing doses to screen for explosives, weapons and drugs. In addition to the controversial airport body scanners, which are now deployed for routine screening, various X-ray devices have proliferated at the border, in prisons and on the streets of New York.
Not only have the machines become more widespread, but some of them expose people to higher doses of radiation. And agencies have pushed the boundaries of acceptable use by X-raying people covertly, according to government documents and interviews.
While airport scanners can show objects on the surface of the body, prisons have begun to use X-rays that can see through the body to detect contraband hidden in cavities. U.S. Customs and Border Protection is in the process of deploying dozens of drive-through X-ray portals to scan cars and buses at the border with their passengers still inside.
X-ray scanners have been tested at ferry crossings, for visitor entries at the Pentagon and for long-range detection of suicide bombers at special events. And drawing the ire of privacy groups, Customs and the New York Police Department have deployed unmarked X-ray vans that can drive to a location and look inside vehicles for drugs and explosives.Most federal health regulations for medical X-rays do not apply to security equipment, leaving the decision of when and how to use the scanners almost entirely in the hands of security officials. - http://mcaf.ee/mix2d
A Look Inside
The Tiny House
(9 min. - YouTube audio/video)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=MZZ2uaXGFtg
(7-1/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
(40 sec. - YouTube audio/video)
In New York City
(2-1/2 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Paragliding vs. Eagle
(11 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Giant Crack in Antarctica About to Spawn New York-Size Iceberg - (February 2, 2012 - by Richard A. Lovett - National Geographic News) - "This glacier is really important," adds mightily to sea level rise, experts say.
Cracking Glacier "Really Important"
As far as sea levels are concerned, changes in the Pine Island Glacier and other West Antarctic glaciers are far more important than shifts among the continent's other glaciers, such as East Antarctica's Mertz Glacier—despite Mertz's much publicized release of a Luxembourg-size iceberg in early 2010.
By contrast, "West Antarctica has ice streams, of which Pine Island is one. Those are fast-flowing streams of ice," said Martinson, who specializes in polar oceans.
When ice breaks off the Pine Island Glacier, he said, more ice can flow in faster from the mountains above—ice that will eventually wind up contributing to sea level rise."This glacier," NSIDC's Scambos added, "is really important." - http://mcaf.ee/8hjf2
(45 sec. - YouTube audio/video)
(4 min. - Time-lapse video)
(4 min. - Time-lapse YouTube audio/video)
Restoring Frank Lloyd Wright's Last Hotel - (2-1/2 min. - video) - (Feb. 16, 2012 - BBC/UK) - It was once one of the top 10 most endangered pieces of architecture in America. Today the only remaining hotel designed by Frank Lloyd Wright has been restored to its former glory and is open for business again.
The building in Mason City, Iowa, originally opened in 1910 to great fanfare. In the decades following, however, it housed stores, offices and apartments until by the 1970s it was little more than an empty shell. - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-us-canada-17070729
Tar Sands Oil Extraction
- The Dirty Truth - (11-3/4 min. - YouTube audio/video) -
Environmental devastation of the land, water,
and air - the largest industrial energy project in the
world is extracting crude oil from bitumen found beneath the pristine boreal
forest of Alberta, Canada. Effecting a
land mass equivalent in size to Florida or England. Both industry and
government are putting money before the health and security of its people and
BLOCKBUSTER! FOIA Documents Reveal NRC Cover-Up, Deception Over Fukushima Nuclear Disaster - (February 27, 2012 - by Tony Muga - The Intel Hub) - There is little doubt now that the radioactive plume had an effect on American citizens but keep in mind that people were not falling over dead in the street in numbers and the ‘plume’ is an invisible one so unless one had warning, there was virtually no way of detecting its presence.
According to a GlobalResearch.ca article based on research printed in the Journal of Health Services , Internist and Toxicologist Janette Sherman, MD insists we have paid a heavy toll from the fallout:“Based on our continuing research, the actual death count here (USA) may be as high as 18,000, with influenza and pneumonia, which were up five-fold in the period in question as a cause of death. Deaths are seen across all ages, but we continue to find that infants are hardest hit because their tissues are rapidly multiplying, they have undeveloped immune systems, and the doses of radioisotopes are proportionally greater than for adults.” - http://theintelhub.com/2012/02/27/blockbuster-foia-documents-reveal-nrc-cover-up-deception/
Oxygen Envelops Saturn's Icy Moon - (March 2, 2012 - A NASA spacecraft has detected oxygen around one of Saturn's icy moons, Dione.
The discovery supports a theory that suggests all of the moons near Saturn and Jupiter might have oxygen around them.
Researchers say that their finding increases the likelihood of finding the ingredients for life on one of the moons orbiting gas giants.
The study has been published in Geophysical Research Letters.
According to co-author Andrew Coates of University College London, Dione has no liquid water and so does not have the conditions to support life. But it is possible that other moons of Jupiter and Saturn do."Some of the other moons have liquid oceans and so it is worth looking more closely at them for signs of life," Prof Coates said. - http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/science-environment-17225127
(14-3/4 min. - YouTube audio/video)
10 Years of Gorgeous
Images of Earth From Space
The Birth Of
(1-1/2 min. - YouTube audio/video)
Fukishima’s Radioactive “Buckyball” Fallout Repeatedly On St. Louis And All Across N. America…Much More On Its Way! - (March 9, 2012 - by Michael Collins - EnviroReporter.com) - According to a new U.C. Davis study, uranium-filled nanospheres are created from the millions of tons of fresh and saltwater used to try to cool down the three molten cores of the stricken reactors. The tiny and tough buckeyballs are shaped like British Association Football soccer balls.
Water hitting the incredibly hot and radioactive primarily uranium-oxide fuel turns it into peroxide. In this goo buckeyballs are formed, loaded with uranium and able to move quickly through water without disintegrating.